Caccia ai mustelidi .pdf
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Dublin Ireland on the 1st and 2nd of November 2012
TESTIMONIES ON THE PINE MARTEN (Martes martes) AND STONE MARTEN (Martes foina) HUNTING
IN THE AREA OF THE PRESENT NATURAL RESERVE MONTAGNE DELLA DUCHESSA (ITALY).
Settimio Adriani123, Marco Bonanni2, Pietro Calderini24, Alessandro Cardone2, Gabriele Casciani2, Mario Mangiacotti2, Alessandro
Mazzilli2, Elisa Morelli2, Valerio Rosati2, Simone Rughetti2, Vincenzo Ruscitti25, Gianluca Scialanga5, and Andrea Amici1.
1 - Dept. of Science and Tech. for Agric., Forestry, Nature and Energy, University of Tuscia, Via C. de Lellis snc, 01100 (VT), Italy;
2 - Environment Committee P.L. Fiamignano, Via Rascino 10, 02023, Fiamignano (RI), Italy; 3 - Società di Storia della Fauna
“Giuseppe. Altobello”, C.da Selva 1, 86011, Baranello (CB), Italy; 4 - Ist. Zoopr. Sperimentale delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana, Via
Tancia 21, 02100 (RI), Italy; 5 - Nat. Res. Montagne della Duchessa, Via della Medicina 4, 02021, Corvaro di Borgorose (RI), Italy.
Historical data indicate a general decrease of Pine Marten (Martes martes) and Stone Marten
(Martes foina) in the whole Italian areal. Neglecting effects from direct human persecution (not
evaluated), the anthropic trouble and the distribution of suitable natural environments, like rich
coniferous and broad-leaved woods with poor undergrowth, are the main factors limiting the
presence of these species. In the studied area a specific hunting aimed at skins trade has been
noticed. Reliable information and evidences (including photographs) of this practice have been
found demonstrating its existence until the mid-1960s. Testimonies highlight that between 1940
and 1950 Marten or Stone Marten skin costed up to 5£, amount corresponding to 2q of
firewood. The meat of skinned animals was consumed by the hunters’ families. A live specimen
was evaluated up to 15£. Snowy grounds gave the best conditions for captures, favouring the
identification of tracks and holes where traps were triggered. Traps were the instruments most
widely used because they allow the capture without ruining the skins. Burning dry and damp
grass inside the holes produced abundant smoke driving the animals to the traps. Hunting can be
included among the factors affecting the current presence of the species in this area.
In the study area a specific hunting aimed at furs trade has been noticed until the mid-1960s (Eusebio Di Carlo,
mustelids hunter). Furs were sold to the close town tailors (L'Aquila and Avezzano), used to make overcoats, usually
dressed by wealthy people. Michelangeli family, 1948; Carlo Capristo and Marcella Magnanimi (1963).