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With Freud's ew Premier
Adjustable Rail & Stile System
Now with Freud's new, patented Premier Adjustable Rail and Stile router bit system, you are able to build
any style of cabinet door in a wide range of door thicknesses and sizes! This extremely easy-to-use
solution gIVes you unlimited creative freedom, and solves the long-standing limitations of existing frame
and panel door construction.
This one of a kind solution allows you to create extended tenons for extra door jOint strength, adjust
groove Width for different panel thicknesses and choose from a variety of material thicknesses for
your stiles and rails (518' to 1-1 /4' ). Optional add-on cutters increase your bits' capabilities
even more, allowing you to create glass panel and double sided profile doors.
Four profiles are available; Round Over (#99-760), Ogee (#99-761 ),
Round Over Bead (#99-763), and Bevel (#99-764).

Preclael, Ibe bul.
Standard
stub tenons
in regular 3/4"
stock

Others

Extended tenons
for strong joints
in larger doors

Glass &
screen panel
capability

Double Sided
Profiles in
thick stock

To find more information, please go to:

www.freudtools.com/PremierRailandStile

r----liFreud' New Premier Rail & Stile Systewmt----,

pp"

Ali-.erican
Woodworker.
#156, October/November 2011

Features
30 Box-Beam Bench
A master's bench that anyone can build.

39 Knockdown Trestle Sawhorses
Simple design. Sturdy construction.

42 Wooden Tail Vise
Upgrade your bench and your woodworking
by adding a classic vise.

50 Precision Drill Press Table
For accurate drilling, build an
engineered table.

54 Ultimate Lathe Stand
Build a professional-quality stand
that's stable, strong and heavy.

58 Dust-Collection Cabinet
Build a versatile and economical solution
for controlling workshop dust.

Departments
8

Workshop Tips

14 Well-Equipped
Shop
20 A Great American
Woodworker
24 Turning Wood
28 MyShop

24

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rIghts--

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OCTOIU / NOVEMIU lOll

20

Nature has something to tell you .

Than k S . The more efficient a system, the less fuel it uses and the better it is
for the environment. ENERGY STARe- qualified York Affinity'" Furnaces have an
off-the-charts efficiency rating of up to 98%~ As a matter of fact, the York Affinity
Modulating Furnace is the most efficient gas-fired residential furnace on the market
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replacing the amount of heat leaving the home and automatically adjusting itself to
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Ofler expires 12/31/11.

The eco-friendly York Affinity Series Furnaces.

ilYORKIt's time to get comfortable:

More On the Web at AmericanWoodworker.com

An1.erican
Woodworker.
#156, October/November 2011
EDITORIAL
Editor In Chief Randy Johnson
Editor Tom Caspar
Senior Editor Tim Johnson
Contributing Editors Spike Carlsen
Brad Holden
Alan Lacer
Suwat Phruksawan
David Radtke
Office Administrator Shelly Jacobsen

ART. DESIGN
Art Director Joe Gohman
Director of Photography Jason Zentner

Torsion Beams

All About Vises

They're incredibly strong, but lightweight.
Get free plans at
AmericanWoodworker.comlWebExtras

What kind of vise is right for your bench?
Find out at
AmericanWoocIworker.comlWebExtras

VICe PresidentlProductlon

Barbara Schmitz

Production Manager

Michael J. Rueckwald

Systems engineer

Denise Donnarumma

V.P. Consumer Marketing

Nicole McGuire

Newsstand Consultant TJ Montilll
Online Subscription Manager Jodllee
New Business Manager Joe Izzo
Assistant Marketing Manager

Hannah di Cicco

Renewal and Billing Manager

Nekeya Dancy

Renewal and Billing Associate

Adriana Maldonado

ADVERTISING SALES
12B5 Corporate Center Drive, Suite 180, Eagan, MN 55121
Brl.n Zlft, bziff4MmericanWoodworker.com
office (203) 5()9.()12S

SUSiln T.uster,

stauste"A~rkanWoodwork~.com

offICe (630) B58-1SS8, ce" (630) 336-0916, fax (630) 858-1510
Tim Henning. thenningtoAmericanWoodworker.com
office (708) 606-3358, fax (866) 496-2376

NEW TRACK MEDIA LLC
Chief Executive OffICer Stephen J. Kent
Executive VICe President/CFO MarkF. Arnett
Vice President/Publishing Director Joel P. Toner

Wooden Plates

SketchUp Plans

Learn how to make them at
AmericanWoodworker.comlWebExtras

To download free plans for our
knockdown sawhorses, go to
AmericanWoodworker.comlWebExtras

Customer Service
Subscription/Billing Questions
Onlln.: www.AmericanWoodworker.com/Sublnfo
Em.lI: e-mail awwserviceOAmericanWoodworker.com
Phon. : US ..... CWdo (BOO) 666-3111,1ntomotooNl (Sl S) 462-S394
PI".r mill: American Woodworker Subscriber Service Dept.
P.O. Box 42023S, Palm Coas~FL 3214H)235.

Back Issues
Some are available for 56.99 each, plus shipping and handling.
Order at www.awbool<store.comlmagazines

Contact the editors

Workbench Tour
Get a closer look at our Box Beam Bench (p. 30), with the storage option, at
AmerkanWoodworlcer.comIWebExtras

Gluing Tips
We've got a bunch of useful tips on spreading glue at
a.ricanWoodworlcer.comIWebExtras
Find us on:

6

facebook.

JlmerlcaaWoodworker.com

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I
Follow us on:

OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 101 1

twi

_an

~mayshare information about you with reputable companies in order for them to ofII!r you products and SI!fVI(@S
01 inlen!St to you f you woukl rather we not share infamation, please
write to us at AmerDn Woodwcx1c«, Customer SeMce Departmen~
P.O. Box 420235, Palm Coas~ Fl32142-Q235. Please include a copy
01 your address label.

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I II I I I I I

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

Em.lI: aweditorOAmericanWoodworker.com
Phon.: (952) 948-5890, Fax (952) 948-5895
P.".r m.lI: 1285 Corporate Center Drive,
Suite 180, Eagan, MN 55121 .

I I

r

Subscribers: Wthe Post Office alerts us that your magazine is
undeliverable, we have no further obligation unless we receive
a corrected address within one year.
No part of this publication may be reproduced by any mechanical, photographic. or electronIC process, nor may it be stored in
a retrieval system, transmitted, or otherwise copied (with the

exception of one-tifTle'. non-commercial, personal
written permission from the publisher.

U~)

without

Workshop Tips

Clever Ideas From Our Readers

nex-head bolts
• One piece of 1" square steel tubing
• One piece of 3/S" round steel rod
• Four SIS" nuts
A handful of 3/4" 8-32 flat-head
machine screws.

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OCTOIU / NOVEMIER 20 1 1

Front Vise
Using the same Quick-release mechanism as our tail vise, our front vise has a
simple on-off cam lever to engage or disengage the Acme-threaded screw,
allowing ~ to apply up to 400 Ib of force in either clamping or spreading applications.
The screw mechanism provides 12114 " of overall travel (less the thickness of
your wooden jaw and bench apron). Tight body
tolerances resutt in minimal jaw sag, even at full
extension. An extruded aluminum screw cover
keeps debris out of the screw mechanism and
prevents the workpiece from contacting the
lubricated screw. Straightforward to install in new
construction or as a retrof~ to an existing bench,
the vise requires an unobstructed
mounting area on the underside of the
bench top at least 12 " wide by 16"
deep (with a 2" thick bench apron and
a 13/4" thick jaw). The body is ductile iron
with zinc-alloy endplates, steel shafts and guide
rods, and a maple handle. Mounting instructions and
hardware included. Made in Canada. Patent pending.
Available separately, the optional pair of top-grain leather jaw
liners serves to pad the vise jaws, helping to improve their grip as well
as reduce workpiece marTing. Measuring 20 " wide by 5" tall, the liners are
shaped to f~ this front vise, but can be used with any front vise mechanism with
guide rods 10"apart or less. Installation instructions included.
05G34.01 Quick-Release Front Vise
$289.00
05G34.03 Leather Jaw Uners, set of 2 $ 19.50

Quick-Release Front Vise

Workshop Tips

continued

Speed-Square Assembly
for my tru ty peed quare.
Ju t damp one or two of them in ide the comers of
a cabinet when you're gluing it up. This guarantee
that the comers will be square.
I FOUND YET ANOTHER USE

Centerline Marker
SOMETIMES IT'S FUN to

build a gadget just because it' a
neat idea. There are man ways to draw a centerline,
for example, but thi method i very clever. It doesn 't
require any measuring or triaI-and-error adjustments.
To build the marker, you'll need t\vo hardwood
bars 3/ 4" x I" x 12", t\vo Plexiglas links 1/4" x 3/ 4" x
4-1 / 2" and four #6 pan head crews 3/ 4" long. Start
by making the links. ribe a line down the exact center of one link and mark t\vo hole with an awl, 1/2"
in from each end. tack the t\Vo links together and
drill the hole using a drill pre . (The hole hould
be just barel large enough in diameter to let the
crew lip through.)
Mark centerline along both wood bars. Drill pilot
hole for the cre\ that are I" and 5" from the end
of each piece. Fasten the links to the bars. Leave the
crews a little 100 e 0 the links can pivot. Clo e the
bars together and mark hole in each link directly
above the line formed by the bar' inner edges-thi
i the preci e center of the links, end-to-end. Drill
hole on the e marks just large enough to admit the
point of a harpened pencil. Countersink the hole if
you wish.
To mark a centerline, nug the bars up to your
tock. The marker works for boards up to 4" wide.
Bill WeLls

11

\,'

CharlesMak

Terrific Tips Win Terrific Tools!
We'll give you $100 for every original workshop tip we publish. One Terrific Tip is featured
in each issue. The Terrific Tip winner receives a $250 gift card.

E·mail your tip to workshoptlps • • merlcanwoodworker.com or send It to American Woodworker Workshop Tips. 1285 Corporate Center Drive.
Suite 180, Eagan. MN 55121. Submissions can't be returned and become our property upon acceptance and payment. We may edit submissions
and use them in all print and electronic media.

10

JlmericanWooclworker.com oeTOll R/NOVl M IU 20 I I

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When it comes to covering stains and old colors completely
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www.kilz.com

Workshop Tips

continued

Vacuum
Attachment Tree
VACUUM ATTACHMENTS are
a challenge to store. They
come in 0 many hape!
I made this device to keep
them all together, within
easy reach. It' just a long
chain with horter length
of chain branching out
from it.
Each branch has a 3" to
4" length of 1/ 2" dowel fastened to its end. The fastening ystem is imple: I used
pliers to open the chain'
last link, then queezed it
tightly around the dowel.
To hang an attachment,
I just tum the dowel parallel to the chain and pass it
through the attachment'
hole.
Mark Thiel

12

.lmericaaWood_rker.com

OCTOIER / NOVEMBER 1011

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Magnetic Helping Hands
THE THOUGHT OF EMPTYING my dust collector'

plastic bag u ed to make me cringe. Many time I'd go
through my entire repertoire of colorful language
two or three time, and that dam bag till wouldn't
tay in place while I put on the trap clamp.
I olved this by holding the bag in place with rareearth magnets. The bag tays put, leaving me with two
free hands to po ition the strap. Ijust leave the magnets in place until the next bag change.
MikeCyr

NEW
WorkingWood 1 & 2:
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Working Wood 1 & 2 provides a structured
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This series of integrated training courses will
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Mastering Dovetails
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Ezeb DVD is 90 minl/tes long

Companion Book
In this beautiful 320-rage full-color book, you'll learn how to
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practical, heirloom-quality items, such as a Mission-style table and
a Shaker-in pired dovetailed box.

Th W ll-Equ·pped Shop

Our Pick of the Latest Tools

------- --------------------------~------------------------------------~

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Dream Dado Set for
Contractors Saws
EVERY WOODWORKER DESERVES a good dado set, but if
you own a portable saw or a contractors saw, you may be
missing the party. With their limited power, these saws
houJd be equipped with a 6" set rather than an 8" set.
Many 6" et lack the features of a top-notch 8" set, however. That' why Infinity Cutting Tools, the maker of the
high-end 8" Dadonator dado set, has introduced the new
(0," Dadonator Jr. It has all the good features of a large et.
The Dadonator Jr. has 24-tooth outer blades and
6-tooth chippers. All of the teeth are made from C4 carbide, which holds a sharp edge longer than the lowergrade carbide found on many 6" dado sets. The Dadonator Jr.'s teeth are also quite large, which means you can
have this set sharpened more times than a dado set with
mall teeth. All of the teeth on the blades and chipper
have a negative hook angle to prevent kickback and a HiATR grind to minimize tearout in cross cuts.
ThIS set come~ with a full range of chippers: four 1/8"
wide, one 3/32" wide and one 1/16" wide. A set of shims
for nne-width adjustments is also included.

14

&mericaaWooclwo.-ker.com

OCTO. ER I N 01/ EM. E R lO 11

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SOURCE
Infinity Cutting Tools, infinitytools.com, 877-872-2487,

Dadonator Jr., SDB-600, S190.

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Square linear rails on Yaxes and German ball screws on all axes.
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Industrial quality electro spindle 2HP extremely quiet
2 different controllers available depending on requirements
Price $ 6495
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www.lagunatools.com

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~

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Can Your Old Dust Collector
Work Better Than A New One?
DustDeputy®
Deluxe· $99.00
Shown here
Kit • Cyclone I (2)
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1·Af/cron Fllt",tlon

merican Fabric Filter Co.
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Dust Deputy® Ultimate· $249.00
Shown left
Kit· Designed to fit Festool
CT Dust Extractors but can be
used with any wet I dry vac.

• Mode In the USA. ~
(u.s. Patented Invention)

. 5- 30 gal. dust
containers.
(Any Size Works)

See many more ideas at www.oneldo-oir.com

The Well-Equipped Shop

contmued

Big Capacity,
Nice Features

can your miter saw cut? How deep? With this
new 12" slider, the DWS780, DeWalt has some pretty
amazing answers: 16" across and 6-3/4" deep.
Let's put an asterisk after that, though. Using the standard fence, you can cut 13-7/8" horizontally. When you
need more capacity, you remove this fence, place some
2x6 pieces on the saw's bed, and slide the workpiece back
to a "rear" fence. This arrangement allows you to cut up

HOW WIDE

16

Americ:aaWooclwol'UI'.COIIl

OCTOBER/NOV EMlER 2011

to 16" at 90° and 12" at 45° on material up to 1-112" thick.
DeWalt has also introduced another new feature that
helps you figure out where to position the blade when
you need to make a very deep cut. It's a latch that locks the
head onto a sweet spot on the saw's rails. With the raillock latch engaged, you can make a cut up to 6-3/4" deep
on material up to 1-1/2" wide---essentially a 2x6 on edge.
DeWalt didn't forget that people still make small cuts,
too. They squeezed the left and right sides of the 780's
fence as close to the blade as possible, to support those
offcuts that usually wind up zinging past your ear.
The DWS780 tilts 4~ to the right and left. It swings
60° to the right and 50° to the left. Its turntable has
detents at 00, 22S, 33.9°, 45° and 49° in both directions.
With many saws it's almost impossible to lock in an angle
that's really close to one of these detents because it just
slips into the detent when you lock the turntable. That's
not a problem with the 780. It has a detent lockout feature
that allows you to fine-tune any angle.
The DWS780 has LED lights on both sides of the
blade. They help you align a cut by casting a shadow on
the workpiece. Unlike lasers, LED lights won't go out of
adjustment, nor do they need to be re-positioned for
blades of different thicknesses.
SOURCE

DeWalt, dewalt.com, 41 ().847-9220, DWS780, 12" Sliding
Miter Saw, $S99.



The BESSEY® K BodyCI REVOTMJf.
is a new, mid-sized version
of what made the full-sized
BESSEY® REVO™ parallel
clamp so great.

r welg
30% lighter than a full-size REVOTM
parallel clamp.

ality construction
German engineering, German steel,
assembled in USA facilities.

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Value
High-end quality with a mid-size price.
K Bod REVOTM
ft. by BESSEY®.
BESSEY®. Simply better.

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To sign up for the BESSEv- E·Newsletter
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The Well-Equipped Shop

contmued

Handy One-Hander
A LIGHTWEIGHT CLAMP is ideal for orne tricky situations.
This one can be operated with one hand, and that's a
huge bonus.
Bora's Pistol Grip Clamp can bail you out many times,
particularly when doing delicate repair work, where the
weight of a tandard clamp can pull parts out of alignment. A Pi tol Grip weighs only half as much as an F-style
damp of the same length.
Pistol Grips are available in five sizes: 6", 12", 18",

24" and 36". The 6" and 12" models have a 2-1/2" depth
capacity; the rest have a 3-112" capacity.
SOU RC E: Affinity Tool Works, LLC, affinitytool.com, 866-58&0395,
Pistol Grip Clamps, $14 - $37.

A Better Handsaw
trying to fit a 10-ft. cherry
board into your hatchback It's OK to cut it in two, but
with what? Mo t woodworkers would naturally think of
a power tool, but truth be told, a good handsaw will do
the job almost as fast The new Irwin Universal Handsaw
is just that aw.
Irwin calls it a "universal" saw because it's equally
good at ripping and CTO scutting. The saw's teeth are
ground three way in a patented de ign and are
impulse-hardened. The result is an 11 tpi blade
that cut very quickly, without binding, even in
thick hardwoods. Re-sharpening is impractical,
however.
I've looked long and hard for a aw to use
in the shop for cro scutting long, roughsawn boards.
YOU'RE AT THE LUMBERYARD,

18

.&merlcanWooclworker.com

OCTO. E R / N aVE M. E R 2011

Using a miter saw for this job can be iffy-a twisted or
kinked board can kick back if you're not careful, so I'd
rather do it by hand. I tried the Universal on a number of
planks and was amazed at how little effort it took to get
through them. I'm sold!
SOURCE

Irwin Tools, irwin.com, 800-464-7946, #1773466, 20" Universal
Handsaw, $22; #1773465, 15" Universal Handsaw, $19.

A Great ADler-can Woodworker

An Artisan's Life Story

Gregg Novosad
Blending fine art with high technology_
by Spik Carls n

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WHEN MOST OF US THINK ABOUT MAR-

we picture an old-world
craftsper on itting at a workbench meticulou ly cutting, fitting and a embling hundred
of piece of veneer by hand. But
tep into the workshop of marquetry rna ter Gregg Novo ad
and you 'll di cover omething
quite different: computers and
la er machine. Step into his
mind and you 'll discover an
entirely new way of thinking
about woodworking.
QUETRY,

From computer guru to
computerized craftsman
In 2000, after 15 years as a computer con ultant, Gregg sold hi conulting firm and began pondering
hi next career move. He'd been
profoundly affected by the architecture and artwork he 'd encountered during trip to Europe and
Scandinavia. He'd al 0 had ucce tackling built-in , millwork
and remodeling projects over the
years. So woodworking eemed a
natural choice. Experience from
hi youth influenced this deci ion

o

as well. The art department at his
high chool was instrumental in
forming hi arti tic ensibilitie.
Woodshop class, along with hi
father' carpentry acumen and
stash of woodworking equipment,
had provided familiarity with tool .
Looking for a niche where he
could be t use hi talents, Gregg
turned to marquetry.

Old world design meets
new world technology
Gregg' computer and marquetry
kill oon merged. Hi de igns

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Jl1'IwrlcanWooclwol'kel'.com

OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 1011

Fit for A King (detail)

and artwork are computer-generated and programmed into a
laser machine, which cuts the
intricate hape that typify hi
piece. One of his first-and mo t
ambitiou -piece with laser marquetry wa Fit Jor a King, a dining
room table with an intricately
patterned top which include
unique quotation at all 12 place
etting
(ee photo, above).
"Nothing like creating omething
with 8,000 piece to try out a new
technique," Gregg mu e .
Once the piece are cut, assembly begin . Gregg prints a lif~ize
image of the de ign and tape it to
a layout table. On top of that, he
po ition a piece of ign-tran fer
film, ticky-side-up. Then he place
the individual marquetry piece
onto the tran fer paper, using the
pattern below as a guide. When
the marquetry de ign is completed, Gregg flips it over and glue it
to the casework.
Programming each pattern,
border or medallion i labor-intenive, 0 Gregg use them over and
over again, with differentcombination of wood. He often provide
an open pace--on a magazine
cover, ribbon or medalliono he can easily in ert different
name without having to rework

the entire piece. He al 0 offers a
de ign-your-()wn, mix-and-match
"menu" from which customers can
select a table tyle, border and pattern to customize their own piece.

Every picture
tells a story
Gregg is a proponent of tory-lining-having each piece teU a tory.
"I was watching a documentary
b Robert Redford in which he

was talking about screenplays. He
explained that ou introduce characters, pre ent a conflict and then
re olve that conflict," Gregg says.
"I decided to apply that concept
to my furniture." Rascal Rodents
depicts a gang of mi chievous
mice chewing through the cabinet' veneer and removing clamps
de pite the "leave clamp on till
glue ets" ign ( ee photo, below).
Open the cabinet and you'll find a
marquetry mouse nared in a trap.
Birds oj Fra)" inspired by Alfred
Hitchcock' "The Birds," exemplifie Gregg' penchants for both
tory-telling and attending to
detail (ee photo , page 22). It
depicts the four members of hi
family warding off attacking bird
which are attempting to pull and
peck the work apart. A hummingbird pulls trands of hair from hi
daughter' head while he trie
to pull back trands of marquetry
that another bird is unraveling.
Hi on u e a dart gun to care off
other bird. Most of the 19 bird
on thi buffet were inspired b
tho e found on hi torieal piece
crafted b masters of marquetry.

Rascal Rodents

OCT O. U I NOV E M IE R 1011

Jlm.ericanWoocIworker.com

21

o

Gr at Am.er can Woodwor er

continued

Birds of Froy
Rirrl~ oj Fray contains 4,000 piece
and took 400 hours to build. "This
pif'cf' was on m 'Bucket List,'"
Gregg recall . . "When I fini hed it
I felt I'd finall aniv d. On most
piece I like to try out three or four
new techniques-a new material
or finishing technique or computer program. On thi piece I experimented with twelve."
Gregg occasionally includes a
"\>\'here's Waldo" element, chalIf'nging people to find hidden
things. ,·It make them carcfull
examine the entire piece." Gregg'
favorite trick is to challenge others
to find 17 planned "defects" on
one of his cabinets. "It take some
people forever, but a couple of kid.
once found them all in 46 seconds."

Dinky workshop,
ma sive efficiency
, ince .regg's piece are covered
with marquetry, the casework is
madf' from pI vood and MDFmatf'rials that are table, mooth

22

JlmericanWooclwol'kel'.com

Birds of Fray (details)

and ea y to a emble. He u e
molding to cover expo ed edge
and basic veneer for the inside.
"There' nothing complex about
it," he explain. "It' no different
than building a kitchen cabinet."
regg's 10' x 30' ba ment
workshop is partan. "Whenever I
teach a c1as and we di u workshop, I'm always in the bottom
10%," he explain. And he likes
it that way. Organization i the
ke . Gregg' bandsaw and la er
machine are permanent fixtures,
but other machines and supplie
are on wheels. .regg uses a hallway for temporary torage and
his pool table room double a a
space for the vacuum bag h use
for gluing. In his garage is a tear-

OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 1011

down pra booth for fini hing
mall piece . If a piece i too large
for that pace, he ends it out.
To build the thick, gla mooth fini h he prefer, Gregg
u
a finish that can be applied
with a queegee, Ii htly sanded
and then reapplied. Hi favorite product is a clear bi-<:omponent polyurethane fini h made
b I ." nfortunately it co ts
over 100 a gallon and can only
be purcha ed in large volume ,"
he a s. A good alternative-one
that take more time to appl , but
can produce imilar re ults-i
lacquer, a finish Gregg often u es
a a final topcoat. He al 0 u e
lacquer as the primary fini h for
certain projects.

Eve~one needs a
business plan
Gregg may be an artist and computer wiz, but he' also a bu inessman. He keep meticulous r cords
of how long each proce take and
is con tantly triving to find better
and faster wa of doing different
tasks. When asked how long it took
to make a pecific table, Gregg
tated that 37 of the marquetry
piece for that project could be
po itioned per hour.
Hi years as a computer con ultant have given Gregg a clear sense
of the importance of trategic planning-and he's a proponent of
trategic planning even for weekend woodworkers. "If you can't
vi ualize your next three projects,
your next project hould be visualizing your next three projects," he
sa . Why? "Once you know where
you' re headed, your radar goe up;
you take in information that wiII
help ou reach your pecified goal .
You'll save time and you'll become
a better woodworker, faster."
Having a plan i n't enough.

Finishing Touch

Need of Repair (detail)
Need of Repair

According to Gregg, "You hould
write it down and keep u-ack of
your progre ." He keep sketchbooks with drawings of ideas and
photo clippings of in pirational
piece. His workbook binders contain note on co ts, time required
per procedure and a section on
"what did and didn't work."
Gregg offers another uggestion regarding the learning process to woodworkers. "Before taking a class, try tackling the ubject
matter at home first. You '\I become
a much more engaged and active
li tener. You'll know what questions to ask."
From dreanling up the de ign
to applying the fini h, Gregg' distinctive piece are a product of his
unique way of planning, working

and executing. " If you're going to
take the time to make omething
custom, it houJd be ob\'iom that
it' custom, not 'iOmething you can
go out and buy," he explains. No
problem there . ....6
See more of Gregg
Novosad's work at
facebook.com/ pages/ClickDivine/135900856483920

Spike Carlsen is the
author of A SpLintered Histol}' oj
Wood: Belt Sander Rarp. , Blind
Woodwor'let~ and Baseball Bats
and the newly relea'ied RidiruLously Simple FllmitlnP Pmjrrt~. His
upcoming book, Till' Woodworking Answer Book, will be a\'ailable in the spring of2012.

Finishing Touch (detail)

OCTOIER/NOVEMBER 2011

JlmericaDWOCHlworker.com

23

Turning Wood

by Alan Lacer

Turned Wine Goblet
Sharpen your end-grain hollowing skills.

DRINKING FROM A WOODEN GOBLET i a unique
experience, becau e its weight and feel i di tinct
from goblets made of other material . But is it
practical? Of course! With the right wood and
fini h, it' perfect for anyone who loves wood!

Tools and materials
Almo t any lathe will do for thi project-even a

mini lathe. A fourjaw croll chuck (see Sources,
page 27) i a great as et for mounting the blank
for hollowing. You'll need tandard spindle turning tool, including a rou hing gouge, a detail/
pindle gouge, a kew chi el and a parting tool.
You'll al 0 need a tool for hollowing the cup. I
recommend u ing a round-no e craper (with
either a ide- or full-round profile) that' 1/ 2" to
1" wide and 5/ 16" to 3/ "thick.
Steer away from really oft wood uch as
ba wood, pine, cottonwood, etc. and look for
harder wood uch as cherry, walnut, maple and
oak. Many exotic wood are aJ 0 suitable. Finding large enough turning blanks may be the bigge t challenge-I like to tart with blanks that are
2-1 / 2" to 3" quare.
A wooden goblet's u ability turns on the fini h. With orne wood the wrong fini h can allow
wine to literally eep right through the cup.
Epoxy, pre-catalyzed lacquer (sometimes old

Learn how to turn wooden plates at
AmericanWoodworlrer.comlWebExtras
24

Jlmedc:aJlWoocIworker.com

OCTOIER/NOVEMIER 1011

Securely mount _ IUnk with a tumed tenon into a scroll chuck.
A secure mount comes from the tenon's large gripping surface
and its shoulder, which rests on the top of the chuck'sjaws.

SMpe the bottom portion of the cup with the detail/ spindle
gouge. Switch to the roughing gouge to refine the cup's flatter
upper portion.

to turner a "melamine") and varnish are good
choices that eal the wood well and are not affected
by alcohol.

Securely mount the blank

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elect a quare blank that's about g"long. Mount the
blank on the lathe between center and turn it to a
cylinder u ing the roughing gouge. elect which end
will be the base and which will be the cup. U e a parting tool or a kew chi el to turn a tenon on the ba e
end to fit the croll chuck. Size the diameter of this
tenon to provide the chuck' jaw with an effective
grip over a large surface area. Remove the blank and
mount your croll chuck onto the headstock. Then,
using plenty of pre sure, mount the blank curely
within thejaw (Photo 1).

Cut In below _ line marked to indicate the cup portion of the
goblet to provide clearance for shaping the bottom of the cup.

Drill the cup to within 1/ 2" of final depth, using a Jacobs style
chuck mounted in the tailstock.

ratio between the cup and the overall height.
Begin the rough haping by cutting in below the
line to provide clearance (Photo 2). Do not cut in
too far-about half the diameter of the cylinder is as
deep as you should cut at thi point. Reducing the
diameter too much will leave too little support for
hollowing the cup.
Roughly hape the outside of the cup. Its bottom
i normally rounded like the ide of a bead (Photo
3). Don 't cut in too far as you refine the shape-leave
plenty of tock at the bottom for upport during the
hollowing proce s. Switch to the roughing gouge to
shape and refin the ide of the cup. They may be
traight a hown here, or gently rounded.

Hollow the cup

C>.

Shape the CUp

It' much ea ier to hollow the cup if you drill it out
fir t (Photo 4).
e a 1/ 2" to 3/ 4" drill bit to create

z

Decide the cup' height and mark it on the blank.
You may want to measure glass goblets that you like
to find a pleasing balance between the cup and the
goblet' overall height. Or imply experiment by
drawing different line on the blank. I like a 40-t0-60

working room for the turning tools. Drill to a depth
about 1/ 2"le s than the ultimate final depth, to allow
refining the bottom of the cut.
U e a thick round-no e craper to open the cup
(Photo 5). To work with the grain, you must work

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OCTOIER/NOVEMBER ZOll

JlmericUlWoodworker.com

25

Begin hollowing the cup by making sweeping cuts with a thick
round-nose scraper, working from the sides of the pilot hole back
towards the rim. Make ever-deepening cuts to open the inside.

Finish hollowing the cup by making light passes from the
bottom to the top edge with the scraper tilted toward the
cut. Then sand the inside of the cup and the upper part of the
outside.

from smaller to larger diameter. In this case, that
means working from the center of the cup toward
the sides and top edge-"pulling out" rather than
"pushing in," a~ \,,;th face-grain bowl turning.
Open the cup in tages, gradually reducing the
wall thicknes more towards the top of the cup than
the side., (Photo 6). Work to a wall thickne near
th top of 3/ J 6" to 1/ 4"-you '11 b able to further
reduce the wall thickne., a your end-grain hollowing skill improve.
,witch to the detail/spindle gouge to further
refine the .,hape of the bottom on the outside of
the cup. Reducing the outside diameter around the
bottom and at the ba of the cup prm;des a better
sen e of the wall thickne s when you refine the interior walls-but be careful about reducing the outside
shape to its final diameter, as you till need some upport to finish hollowing the in ide.
Switch back to the round-no e craper to finish
turning the imide of the up (Photo 7). Work to
achieve the best surface '011 can prior to anding b
ming a technique called" hear s raping." Work from
the bottom and up the ide with the craper tilted to
26

AmericanWooclworker.com

OCTOBER/NOVEMBER lOll

Work ne.r the rim to establish the wall thickness. Make the
same sweeping cuts, working from the inside out.

Ease the transition between the cup and the stem by adding a
bead detail. Sand the detail. Then establish the final shape at the
base of the cup.

the lef4 in the direction of the cut (around 45°), making light, con i tent movements acro the wood' urface.
When ou're atisfied with the surface finish from
the turning tool , finish-sand the in ide of the cup
and the flat part of the outside. Start with 120 grit
and work through 320 grit. Note: Waiting to and the
cup after the goblet' tem has been turned to a mall
diameter i a bad idea-it courts di aster.

Shape the stem and base
Fini h turning the bottom of the cup (PhotoS). The
tem can flow right into the cup, or you can add a
detail at the tran ition point. Fini h- and the bottom
of the cup.
Establi h the goblet' height by cutting in with a
parting tool about 1/ 4" deep on the chucked end of
the blank. Then lowly create th tem and the base
b clearing awa the remaining waste in hort egments, fini h- anding as you go (Photo 9). When the
tem and ba e are nearly complete, decide whether
to add a detail (Photo 10). Fini h- and any remaining areas to 320 grit.

Cut in slightly at the base to establish the goblet's overall height.
Then turn the stem in stages, working from the cup to the base
and sanding completed areas as you go.

Complete the tNlse and add details, using the detail/spindle
gouge and the skew chisel.

Refine the rim of the base by making an angled cut on the
bottom edge, using the long point of the skew chisel.

Part the goblet from the waste material after cutting into
the underside of the base at a slight angle to create a concave
bottom surface, so the goblet will sit flat.

Parting off
ut a mall chamfer at the bottom edge of the base
(Photo 11 ). Thi cut create a ubtle hadow line that
ligh tI lifts the base. Prepare to part off th goblet by
alternating between removing the wa te with a parting tool and haping the under ide of its base with
the kew chi el or the detail! pindle gouge. rate
a hallow undercut from the rim toward the center,
o the goblet will sit only on the rim (Photo 12). Continue the light under ut until you part off the completed goblet into your hand. Sand the underside of
the base by hand or with a oft flexible pad mounted
in a drill or rotary tool.

Apply a durable finish
se an alcohol- and liquid-resi tant fini h. Of the
three option mentioned earlier, I prefi r the working propertie , durability, look and feel of a highgrade \'arni h fini h, even though it drie lowl and
take a long time to fully cure.
Create an excellent wiping \'arnish by mixing
equal parts of Behlen' Rock Hard Tabletop Varnish
(ee ource) and odorle mineral pirits. Appl at

least five light coats in ide the cup and three to four
coats on all other areas. Allow each coat to dry for at
lea t eight hour and lightly and between coats. Wait
20 to 30 days before u ing the goblet, to allow the fini h to adequately cure. I often go by the niff test: If
I detect any solvent odors in ide the goblet, it need
more curing time . ....6
SOURCES
Oneway Manufacturing, oneway.ca, 800-565 7288,
OnewayTalon Chuck, '2985, $232.
Woodcraft, woodcraft.com, 800-225-1153, Behlen's Rock Hard
Tabletop Varnish, '18Z42, $21.69 per qt.

Alan Lacer is a woodturner,
writer and instructor who lives near
River Falls, \\1. To see more of
Alan' work visit alanlacer.com.

OCTO IU IN OV E M I E R 2011

Jlmeric&IlWooclworker.com

27

My Shop

I

Where Our Readers Live

Little Shop of Dreams

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This small space houses a big passion for woodworking.

...offi
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of a new
project or ju t want a place to
e cape, my 400 q. ft. basement
shop is a great place to build or
brainstorm. All of my projects
have been "born" there, products
of my dream and imaginationand more than a little per piration. It' a comfortable retreat
during Minne ota' ummer heat
and humidity and a bright, cozy
and inviting place to work during
the winter. I can neak down to it
anytime during the day or nightI love pending time there.
I can't make my hop any bigger, 0 I've tried to maximize the
space that I do have. My tableWHETHER I'M IN THE MIDDLE

aw i centrally located and the
periphery i fitted with benche ,
tools, clamp to rage and as much
shelf pace as I can fit in. As you
can ee, I primarily use bench top
tools rather than large floor models.
My dust collector i dedicated
to the table aw and chop aw, the
hop' two bigge t du t-producers,
with blast gate to direct the airflow. I keep the remote control
tucked in my shop apron for starting the collector when I'm at the
bu ine end of either tool. Cutting longer tock at the chop aw
require the u e of an adju table
roller upport.
I covered the wall and ceiling

with 1/ 2" plywood rather than
heetrock, so I can attach brackets, racks and helves in any location and move them as the need
ari e .
The aw' outfeed table extend almo t five feet, allowing
it to double as an i land workbench. Nestled underneath i a
rolling cart that hou e my air
compre or and al 0 erve as an
auxiliary work urface. To ease
handling heet good and board
from tation to tation, all the urrounding bench top are the arne
height as the table aw. And even
though open helving require a
bit more hou ekeeping, I like the

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Americ:aaWooclwo1'ku.c:om

OCTO'E~/NOVEM'E~ 1011

visibility and acce ibility.
A basement shop has everal
challenge that require lots of
planning. Since there is no exterior entrance, everything from
heavy tool to sheet good and
lumber must go up and down the
tairway. I get around thi hassle
by cutting large panels and long
lumber to rough sizes at the lumberyard or with a temporary et-up
in the garage.
To overcome the lack of natural light, I've installed numerous
fluore cent and incande cent fixture , with plenty of task lighting
at pecific locations. My hop has
one mall operable window, 0 I

can let in orne fre h air, but getting good ventilation i an ongoing challenge. To help control
airborne du t, I've in tailed a ceiling-mounted air filtration unit.
My shop may never compete
for the title of "Dream Shop," but
that's OK; I think of it as my "Little
Shop of Dreams." ..6
David Femelius,
Minneapolis, MN.

OCT O. ER I NOV E M IE R lOll

&m.ricuWoocIworker.com

29

by Tom caspar

Inexpensive materials
A bunch of 2x4s, a little 3/4" poplar, one
sheet each of 3/4" MDF and 1/4" birchthat's all you'll need.
30

AmeriC:&JlWooclwolrkelr.c:om

The base is a box that's skinned with
plywood. (The ends and top are removed
here). It won't rack, bend or twist.

OCTOIER/NOVEMIER 2011

This is critical for a good bench, but not
hard to make. The base is designed to
keep the top from sagging.

BUILDING A SERIOUS WORKBENCH

Make a flat

i a rite of pas age for many woodworkers. It' usually an ambitious
project requiring a lot of kill, lumber, time, money and tool -but it
doe n 't have to be that hard. Here's
an alternative.
This bench i every bit as good as
one that co ts thousands of dollars.
It's rigid, heavy and dead flat Its vises
offer all the holding power you need.
But you can build it on a budget in a
hort time. You don't have to make
complicated joints or use big equipment It' a bench for everyone.

assembly
table- it's
essential for
building this
bench. A
hollow-core
door placed
ona pair of
sawhorses
works well.
Screw some
boards to one
comer to help
keep your
work square.

How tall should it be?
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When you use a plane, a bench
hould be about wrist height. When
you use a router or a sander, it hould
be about two to three inche taller.
Thi bench works for both hand tools
and power tools: You can easily raise
or lower it with two removable ri r
blocks ( ee center photo, below). It'
equally turdy at both heights.
As de igned, the bench i quite
low-about right for a hand-tool
u er who is 5' 8" tall. If you' re taller,
or if you don 't need a low, handtool-friendly bench, just make the
feet twice as thick or add tall blocks
underneath them. (The b nch's
base is made from a ingle heet
of plywood, and is about as tall as
it can be without cutting into a econd heet.)

Build a pair
of frames on
the assembly
table. Clamp
their sides to
the comer
pieces to
make sure
each frame is
square.

:I:

Q.

Clamping room

Adjustable height

Storage option

The top has a big overhang 50 there's
plenty of room for clamping. Its underside

To raise the bench for use with power
tools. just lift each end and scoot an
additional foot underneath.

You can add a drawer unit later on, if you
wish. It passes right through the hollow
center of the base.

is flat. too-there's no annoying lip.

OCT 0'11 ' 11 0 VIM. II

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For acloser look at this bench, and more
information on adding astorage cabinet, go to

Fig. B Frame Detail

AmericanWoodworker.mmlWebExtras
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Fig. C Cleat Detail

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32

AmericaaWoodwol'kel'.com

OCTOI£R / NOV£MIER 2011

Materials
I've de igned this bench to keep the
co t way down-so you can afford
two very nice vises. All of the material are available at a home center.
I've queezed the sheetstock piece
out of one sheet of 1/4" birch plywood and one sheet of 3/4" MDF.
Mo t of the solid-wood pieces can be
made from fir 2x4s; the others are
poplar lx4 .
The 2x4 must be dry (6% to 8%
MC). Dimen ional lumber doe n't
come that dry, however; you'll have
to plan ahead and wait at least ix
months for the wood to dry out
before using it In addition, the 2x4
must be flat and straight. You'll have
to joint or plane the wood after it'
dry-the cutting list dimen ion
allow for this.
If you'd like to get tarted right
away, there are two alternative to
2x4s. First, you could glue poplar
Ix4s together to make the 2x4 material; they're dry enough straight from
the tore. (You wouldn't have to joint
or plane them, either.) Second, you
could buy 6/4 (1-1/2") kiln-dried
yellow poplar and have a lumberyard
joint and plane it for you. Milling the
lumber yourself usually yields the
be t re ults, though.
If you have the budget and a
jointer and a planer, roughsawn
poplar would be the be t choice for
building thi bench. That' what I
used in all the construction photo .

Stiffen each
frame with
an oversize
skin of 1/4"
plywood. Glue
and screw
the plywood
to the frame,
then rout the
plywood flush
all around.

Mauthe
cleats that will
tie the frames
together. Glue
an extrawide spacer
onto each
piece, then
rout its sides
flush with
a laminate
trimmer.

Build the base
Before you begin, buy the vi e (ee
Source, page 36). Make ure they'll
fit in the space allotted (Fig. F). Many
different vises will work, but some
may require more room. If that' the
case, repo ition a few bench parts to
free up more space.
The key to ucce fully building this bench i to work on a large
surface that is truly flat. I recommend u ing a 30" hollow-core door
(Photo 1). It's inexpensive, easy to
move and tore, and will come in
handy for building many other projects. Fasten two boards to the ide
of the door to form a square comer.
tart by milling all the olid-wood
parts for the base (AI-A8). Cut them
to final length. U ing a dado et in

your tablesaw, cut rabbets on the
ends of the rails (AI, Fig. B). Glue
and screw the rails to the tile (A2),
one comer at a time (Photo 2).
Make sure their face are flush. Build
two of these frame .
Cut the plywood panel (A9)
for the frame (Photo 3, Fig. D).
Note that they're lightly oversize.
Place the panel on the frame and
drill pilot holes for the crews, pacing them about 5" to 6" apart Glue
and screw the panels to the frame .
After the glue drie , use a router and
a flush-trim bit to make the panels
even with the frame .
Make the cleats (A3, A4 and A5)
and feet (A6) by gluing pacers (A7)

Shopping Ust
Lumber
• SO linear feet 2x4
• 1 sheet 3/4" MOF
·1 sheet 1/4" birch plywood
• Slinear feet of 3/4" x 4" hardwood.
not Including vise faces

Hardware
·2 boxes of 1-3/8" deck screws
• 1 box of 2-1 /2" deck screws
• Slag screws, 3/8" x 2"
• S washers, 3/8" Ld.
• 4 lag screws, 5/16" x 3" (for face vise)
• 4 lag screws, 5/16" x2-112" (bend vise)
·16 washers, 5/16"I.d (double them up)
·5.14 x 2" FH screws (for face vise)

O CTOBER / NOVEMBER 101 1

-'-icaaWoodworker.COIIl

33

Cutting List

..

Overall Dimensions: 32 718"Hx23"Wx59"L(3S" HWlth optional riser)

Qty. Material

Section Part Name
A1
Al
A3
M
AS
A6
A1
AI

At
Al0
An
A12
All
A14

11
B2

••

III
Stilt

3K' .......
3/4" hanIwood
1/."1IiIdI pIJ
1/4" birth ply
1/4" IIiIdI pIJ
1/4" birth ply
1/."1IiIdI pIJ
1/4" birth ply
214
214
214
214
214
214
1/4" IIiIdI pIJ

2

_.

Top panel 1

",,...2
Top panel 3

Outersdt

B4
IS
B6

. . .shan
licit., long

2
1
1

11

ra

2

licit top and bottom

Top

. ......

ea._

0

Center, rnidcIt

C6

214

2
6
4

Ann

(
(S

214
214

m

(1

00 vi5e pIatfonn
fnd_pIIdDnn
Facr vi5e front

a

a

£IId_,.

Dl

Foot

D2

Spur

H/I". 3-114".43"
1-3/8" x3-1/4"x25-3/8"
1-311".3-1/." .21"
1-3/8" x3-1/4" x18"
1-3II"x3-1I4".1S"
1-3/8" x3-1/4" x21"
314".3-1/4".4-5/1" (I)
3/4" x3-1/4" x4"(a)
1/4" x27-111" ••3"(b)
1/4" x11-5/8"x29-7/8"(e)
1/.".11-5/1" x36-1(1' (e)
1/4" x11-112"x13"
1/4" x11-1(1' x14-1/."
1/4" x11-112"x2-3/4"
1-311" x3-11." x27-111"
1-3/8" x3-1/4"• 19"
1-311" x3-1/4" x11"
1-3/8".2-3/4" x2-3/4"
1-3/8.2-31." x10"
1-3/8".2-3/4" x12"
1/4" xS-1(1' x10" (bl
3/4" x23"x59"
314".'2" x23-1/4" Ie)
3/4".11-5/8"x35-1/4" (dl
314" x23-1/4" x59-1/4" (d)
3/4".11-112"x13-112" (dl
114" x4-11."x9-111" (d)
3" x6-1/4"x15"
314"x3"xr
1-3/8" x3-1/4"x21"
5/1".3-1/." x13"
3/4"x3-1/4".4"
314" x2-31." x4"

214

214

.........

Q

ThxWxL

214

2

CIaO
Cleat 2
Clan
Foot
SpIcer
Pad
fnlnllIId bict .....
EndpaMI

1

MDf

2

MDf

2
1
2

MDf

MDf
MDf

1/4" IIiIdI pIJ
3/4"hardwood
31."1IIRIwaod
214
31."1IIRIwaod
3/4" hanIwood
314" IIIRIwaod

2

D3

Pad

1
2
2
2
4

D4

SIde

a

Fig.D 1/4" Plywood Cutting Diagram

Fig. E 3/4" MDF Cutting Diagram

C2

C2

C3

C5

C3

C5

CI

C~

Notes:
.) Rip at 3-3/S" wide, then glue to mating piece.
II) This is the final size. Rough-cut 1/." oversize in length and width. Glue to mating
surfaces, then rout flush.
c) Rough-cut 1/." oversize in width only.
d) This is the rough-cut size. Glue to mating piece with 1/8" overhang, then rout flush.

Fig.F
Top View of Base

I"

f

~)

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-Y.,"

0

- r&.-~·

o

Sc:r B!/C~ VISE -I/1l"f'])w!/,f'E
-:{-h" ~OM ~ON"lt:J;GE
34

JlmericaaWoodworker. com

'P)

.~)

OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2011

.0)
0

I

)

to each piece (Fig. C). Be ure that
the pacel are po itioned quare to
the piece underneath. Trim the pacers flush (Photo 4 ). Drill hole in th
cleats for fastening them to the top
with lag screws.
Dlill and countersink pilot hole
in the cleats and feet ( ee Fig. F for
hole location ). Clamp up the base
without glue, making ure that the
ends of the frame are flus h with
the id of the outer cleats and feet
Continue drilling the pilot hole into
the frame . Remove all four cleats,
then glue and screw the outer one
only (Photo 5).
All of the piece that support the
top of thi bench must be level with
each other. If they're not, the top will
eventually sag. (It' made from MDF,
which isn't as tiff as olid wood.)
Place the two middle cleats in po ition and make ure they're level with
the outer cleats (Photo 6 ). If your
frame members are traight, everything hould be fine. If the middle
cleats are low, him them with pap r;
if the 're high, sand or plane them
thinner. Glue the cleats in place.
Tum over the base and glue and
crew the feet. Glue and crew pads
(A ) under the feet, then trim them
flush. ut the end panels (AlO) , glue
and screw them to the base, then
trim their ide flush. ut the bottom
panel (All). Glue and crew it to the
base, then trim flush. Tum the base
over and add the top panel (A12,
13 and A14).
Add the brace on the left end of
the base. Cut all the olid wood parts
(Bl-B6). Glue the box parts (B4,
B5 and B6). ut the plywood face
(B7) and glue them to the box. Trim
flush. Glue and crew the box to the
inner tile (Bl). Screw the inner tile
and box to the base; note that the
top of this part its below the base
by the thickne of the ann (B3, Fig.
A). lamp the outer tile (B2) to the
box' long ide (B6). Place the arm
in po ition and adjust the outer tile
until the arm i level. Screw the outer
tile and arm in place.
Make the riser blocks (Dl- D4,
Fig. G). You can make these an,
height ou wi h. They hould fit
tight, 0 the bench won't wig Ie.

Assemble the
box beam by
gluing and
screwing the
cleats to the
frames. Again,
it's essential
to do this on
the assembly
table, so the
base stays flat.

Buy the book
uHow to Make Workbenches and Shop Storage Solutions"
at awbookstore.com
Sight across
the top of the
box beam
with the
middle cleats
in placebefore gluing
them on.
Everything
must be level.

OCTOIER / NOVEMBER 1011

JlmaricaaWoodworker.com

35

Assemble the
top in stages.
It's composed
ofthree layers
ofMDF. Use
lots of screws
as miniature
clamps to
apply even
pressure when
you glue
the pieces
together.

Rout the

pieces flush.
Remove the
screws, then
add the next
layer. The
result is a top
that's dead
flat-and the
box-beam
base will keep
it that way.

For more information on buying
avise for your workbench, go to
AmericanWoodworlrer.mm/WebExtras

Fig. H End View of Vise's Face
~ 2--;J/i"

-rop

"1

Ll

orVISE

J
6,-y,,"

Fig.G Riser
f7('O/l/
orVIS~

SOURCE

Woodcraft Supply, woodcraft.com,
SOQ-225-1153, large Front Vise, #144S05, $76.99; Handle,
17E52, $6.99; 7" Quick Release Bench Vise, #152633, $99.99;
Pinnacle Brass Bench Dogs, 3/4' dia., #151101, $29.99.
36

Americ. .Woodwodt.... com

O C TOB U/ NOVEMBER 1011

Build the top
Cut all of the top piece (C1-C6, Fig.
E) to ize. You'll be building the top
in tage, up ide down. Each layer
is glued to the piece below using
1-1/4" cre, as clamp (Photo 7).
To begin, place the top (C1) on the
as embly table, then place the center piece (C2 and C3) in po ition
and make ure they fit nug.
Draw grids on the e piece to
locate the crews; the line hould be
3/4" in from each edge and spaced
about 4" to 5" apart. Clamp the four
piece to the top and pr~rill1-1/4"
deep hole for all the crews. Countersink the hole . Remove the center
pieces and lightly countersink the
oppo ite ide of the hole, plus the
hole in the top piece. Thi guarantee that the piece will lie flat when
you crew them together.
Glue and screw the center piece ,
one at a time. Apply the glue with
a mall paint roller. Mter the glue
drie , trim the edge flush (Photo 8).
Remove the screws and repeat the
ame proces for the bottom piece
(C4) and the platform for the face
vi e (C5) and end vi e (C6).
Add the vi e while the top i
up ide down. O ne note on the
face vi e: The front (C7) must be
tapered, top to bottom (Fig. H ).
Thi en ure that the top of the vise
pinche first as it clo e . Make the
taper b taping a 1/ " him under
one ide of the face, then run the
block through a planer.
The top of the face vi e should
be flu h with the top of the bench.
Drill the mounting holes in the
vi e face 0 it its about 1/16"
above the bench top, then level the
vi e' top after it is in tailed. Follow
the arne procedure with the end
vi e face (C8).
Fasten the top to the base. Drill
pilot hole 1/8" deeper than the full
length of the lag crews. Drill hole
for the bench dog, making sure they
don't hit any of the cleats. (The e
hole must be plumb; make a 1-3/8"
thick guide block and u e a drill
pre to drill a 3/4" hole through
it.) Fini h the top with three coats
of oil-based poly. ~

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~=~~=_tl===~Ii-------------~
from Hobby '0 Super. Pro

CAll TOll FRU

1-800-942-4406

'-------------------_... _-----------_ ..
www.limberking .com

I

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by Tom Caspar

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Stores flat

Easy to make

Removable feet

All the parts are just home center 1x4s
glued together.

Unscrew the knobs to slide off the feet.

Hang the parts on a wall or put them on

a shelf.
OCTOIU/NOYIMIIII 101'

AmedcaaWOCIdwwbl"._

39

o

Fig. A Exploded View

To download a SketchUp plan
for this sawhorse, go to
AmericanWoodwortler.mmlWebExtras
CI

Cutting List

Qty.for2 Th xWX L

Part
o/~.

Y/4N"G£1('

A1

WI3-1I4"1.JI4"

Al

3/4" x3-114" x14-114"

AJ

)l4"13-WI6"
3/4" x3-1/4" x24"
JI4" 13-114"111-112"

81

80L-r

IZ

1>1

Overall DimenslOllS:
27-112" Hx24"Wx 18" 0

83

3/4" x 3-1/4" x3· (a)

C1

)14"13-114" 119-112"

Q

3/4" x3-114" x11-112"

D1

WI3-1I4"1"vr ..

D2

3/4" x3-1/4" x 18"

OJ

)14"12-114"12-114"

Notes:
.) First cut miters on both ends of two pieces 12" long.
then crooort them to make four 83 parts.
It) Rough cut four pi«es 1r long to make all eight pieces.

EVERY SHOP needs a pair of trusty
sawhorse . I like ones that are easy to
build and easy to tore away. The e
sawhorse definitely fit that bill, and
nest together quite well, too.
This unique design is within
reach of any woodworker and
doesn't require many tools to build.
The wood is quite common-I used
yellow poplar lx4s from the local
home center. You'll need about 200
linear feet of lx4s to make one pair
of horse .

Building the horse
You'll need a tablesaw, handsaw, drill
and a number of clamps. A miter saw
would be handy for cutting parts to
length. Begin by cutting all the parts
except A3 and B3-you'll cut the e
to fit later on. Assemble the parts
in the order hown in the drawings
on the next page. The basic idea is
to glue the pieces in layers (Photo
1), then rip both ides to make the
40

AmericaaWoodwozku.colll

edge perfectly even (Photo 2).
Here are a few note to guide
you along the way. In tep 12,
you'll be gluing a foot so that it fits
tightly around a leg. The best way
to do thi is to place a leg between
the foot pieces during the glue-up.
Clamp the e three pieces to draw
them close. To prevent the leg from
becoming glued to the foot, place
orne hims under the leg, as hown
in the drawing.
When you're ready to assemble the frame in tep 16, place the
tretchers in position and measure
the distance between them. Cut A3
to this length. You can glue all of
these pieces together at once, but
it' easier to do it in two tages. Start
with the middle stretcher, but leave
the top tretcher in place-without
glue-so the legs are paced correctly. Draw all the piece tight with
clamp . For the econd tage, glue
on A3 and the top tretcher. After

OCTO.EII / NOVEMBEII

lOll

removing the clamp , cut part B3 to
exact length.
To in tall the hanger bolts, first
drill a 5/ 16" hole through each foot.
Make sure the hole is plumb--it's
best to use a drill pres . Clamp the
foot onto the leg and continue drilling the hole with a cordless drill.
Remove the foot and enlarge its hole
with a 3/ 8" bit. In tall the hanger
bolt by jamming two nuts together
on its threaded end; tum them with
a wrench.
If you finish or paint your sawhorse, leave the feet on. You don't
want a film on the part of the leg that
lide into the foot. That additional
thickne would make the fit too
tight-I know, it happened to me!

sA
SOURCE

Woodcraft Supply, woodcraft.com,
800-225-1153, T-style knob with
3/8"-16 insert. '142227, $1.19 ea.

Leg assembly

Mid stretcher assembly

7

Foot assembly continued

13

8

Top stretcher assembly

Frame
assembly

16

5

Last

piece

17

Use plenty of cllimps to glue the pieces together. Place two
clamps across the pieces to help align them. To prevent these
clamps from sticking to the wood. place some small blocks.
covered with masking tape, between the wood and the clamp.

Saw both skies of the glued-up parts. This is an easy way to
make the edges perfectly even.
OCTO . . . 'IIOVIM . . . H I I

Americ:aaWOCMIwodIu._

41

Clamp long and short boards on top of
the bench, fully supported for planing.
42

&meric:aaWoocIworker.c:om

Hold furniture parts for chopping, carving
and routing. Hold jigs and fixtures, too.

OCTOIU/NOYIMIU 2011

Clamp freely between the jaws. Unlike
a face vise, there are no screws or guide
bars to get in the way.

YOU CAN DO WITHOUT A TAIL VISE. But you can do

much more with one. That' wh\ woodworkers have
depended on tail vi es for over 400 years. A tail vi e can
be used to clamp boards of all sizes horizontally or vertically for planing, sanding, carving, routing, gluing, etc.
Modem version employ metal screws and guide plates,
but I prefer the traditional all-wood con truction hown
here, partially because it's beautiful in both form and
function , and partially because you don 't have to buy
any vise hardware, only a thread box and tap, which can
be used over and over ( ee Sources, page 4S).
This vi e can be mounted on virtually any workbench, although modifYing the base is almost ure to
be a part of the project. A bench with a tre tle- tyle base
and a top that extends beyond it at the front and on the
right ide, as shown here, is ideal.
Like any clamping devise, a tail vise has two main
components, a fixed jaw and an adjustable jaw. Both
jaws accept bench dogs ( ee Sources), so that in addition to clamping between the jaws, a tail vise can also
clamp above them. This dual capability is the key to a
tail vise's versatility.
The fixed jaw i a laminated beam that's glued and
screwed to the front of the bench top and reinforced
by a olid beam-<:alled an end cap-that's attached
to the end of the top. The adjustable jaw oppo e the
fixed jaw. It's a complex rectangular frame that mounts
again t and underneath the bench top, supported and
guided by another end cap. The crew that operates this
jaw threads through the ame end cap.

Start with the end caps

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The end cap (A and B, Fig. A, page 44, and Cutting
Li t, page 4S) anchor both jaw. They al 0 keep the
bench top flat Start with two 1-3/ 4" x 3-3/ 4" maple
blanks that are about 6" longer than the width of the
bench top. Use the table aw to cut a 7/ S" wide dovetail-shaped groove on the in ide face of each end cap
blank, tarting 5/ S" from the top edge. Tilt the blade
go to cut the angled houlders. Then in tall a dado et
to remove the waste. Clean up each channel and drill a
ingle countersunk hank hole for a 3/ S" x 6" lag bolt.
The end caps must be wide at the front to support
the vi e jaw , but they can be narrower at the back.
Cut notches on the band aw or by making a serie of
topped cuts on the jointer.
Dovetail-shaped keys (C, Fig. A) imultaneously hold
each end cap tightly again t the bench top, yet till allow
easonal movement. Make two key blanks on the tablesaw with the blade tilted go and et at 1" height. tand
a 1" x 4" x 24" blank on its edge and make two passe ,
re etting the fence between passe to determine the
key' width. Make a third pas with the blank on its side
to cut out each key. Each key blank hould tightly fit
the end cap' groove, but lide without binding. It mu t
al 0 it flu h with or lightly below the cap' face.
Cut the blanks into 4" long ke\ and use ajig to crew
them to the bench top (Photo 1). The jig i imply a 2"
wide offcut from one of the end beam with a fence

Start by
installing end
caps on both
ends of the bench.
They mount on
dovetailed keys
that are located
using a jig made
from an offcut.

The right end
cap contains a
threaded hole
for the vise's
wooden screw. A
woodthreading
kit contains a tap
to thread this hole
and a thread box
to cut threads on
the screw.

Tum the wooden
screw. Finish by
cutting a groove
for the garter in
the collar. The
garter locks the
screw in the vise's
adjustable jaw,
but allows it to
revolve freely.

Use the thread
box to thread
the shaft of the
wooden screw
all the way to
the collar. These
threads fit the
threaded hole in
the end cap.

OCTOBEII / NOVEMBEII lOll

AmericlUlWooclworker.com

43

Fig. A The End Caps

%" x

COt/II'rE,f'St/1'/1< L4G

~________~~~~~~~~~~___8_0_L_~
__
(tr.
__P_)__~~__-+________~f-Y2"r

,(SLOPE

glued on top. Slide a key into thejig and position the jig
on the bench. Drill a countersunk pilot hole through
one end of the key and into the end of the bench.
Install a screw. Repeat the proce s on the other end of
the key. Then remove the jig. Space the key about an

Create the fixed
jaw by gluing
notched fill blocks
between two
rails. Use screws
instead of clamps
to streamline
the process. The
spaces between
the segments
become holes for
bench dogs.

Install the fixed
jaw with glue and
lag bolts, making
sure it's flush
with the existing
bench top. The
board glued on
the bottom of the
fixed jaw supports
the Federal-style
double-screw face
vise.

44

Jlmeric_Woodworker.com

OCTOIEII / NOVEMIU lOll

inch apart, tarting 1" from the front of the bench top.
Fini h and install the end cap one at a time. The
left end cap (A) extend 1-1 / 2" beyond the bench top
and i dovetailed to the fixed jaw. Layout and cut thi
lapped dovetail on the front of the cap. Rub paraffin in
the cap' dovetailed groove and then drive it onto the
key and into po ition on the bench top. Install the lag
bolt and fini h by trimming the back end flu h.
The right end cap (B) extend 3-1/ 4" beyond the
bench top to upport the sliding jaw and anchor the
wooden crew. Use one of the keys to fill the front end
of the dovetailed groove. Mark the center point of the
screw and drill a 1-1/4" dia. pilot hole. Layout and
cut the notch at the front and the mortise. The notch
allows the adju table jaw to ride over the end cap as it's
opened and clo ed. imilarly, the morti e accommodate the adju table jaw's guide bar, which !ides under
the bench top. Make this morti e large enough for
the guide bar to freely lide through. U e a 1-1 / 2" dia.
threaded tap to cut the thread in the bench- crew pilot
hole (Photo 2). Then follow the procedure de cribed
earlier to install this end cap.

The wooden screw
Make the crew (D, Fig. B) from a 24" long maple blank
turned to a 3" dia. cylinder (Photo 3). Layout and
tum the head and the 2" dia. x 1-3/ 4" collar. Tum the
shaft to 1-15/ 32" dia. and fini h by cutting a 1/ 4" deep
groove in the collar for the garter.
Clamp the turned crew in a vise (the vise on your
other workbench) and u e a 1-1 / 2" thread box to cut
the thread into the shaft (Photo 4). Turning the shaft
toju t under 1-1/ 2" dia. keep the haft from binding in
the thread box as the threads are cut.
U e a V-block and a drill press with a fence to drill a
centered 7/ 8" dia. hole in the head of the screw for the

Fig. B The Wooden Screw and Handle

~------------------------------- 20_~qH ------------------------------------~

handle (E). Turn the handle from an 18" long maple
blank turned to a 1-1/4" dia. Turn the haft to 3/ 4" dia.,
with a knob on each end. On one end, next to the knob,
turn the shaft down to a 9/16" dia. tenon. Remove the
handle from the lathe and cut off the knob that' next
to the tenon. Clamp this knob in a hand screw and drill
a 9/16" dia. topped hole for the tenon. Slide the shaft
of the handle through the hole in the head of the screw
and then glue on the knob.

The fixed jaw
Determine the fixed jaw's length by subtracting 16"
(the length required by the adjustable jaw) from the
overall length of your bench, including the two end
cap . For the 0-1/2" long bench hown here, the fixed
jaw measures 64-1/2". Thi jaw contain equally paced
holes for bench dogs (Fig. C). It consi ts of notched,
angled fill blocks (F) that are sandwiched between two
rail (G). Make sure to have your bench dogs in hand
before you build, so you can size the dog holes to fit.
Mill blanks for the two 1-1/2" thick rails and the
3/4" thick fill blocks. Cut the blanks 3-13/16" wide and
allow extra length for trimming. Set the miter fence to
5° and u e the table aw to cut the fill-block blank into
nine 4-3/4" long blocks and two extra-long blocks to go
on the ends of the assembly. Cut a 1/4" x 1-1/4" notch
in each fill block to allow the head of the bench dog
to eat below the top surface. Drill a pair of countersunk pilot hole in each fill block and glue them on
one of the rail , u ing pacers to create 1" gap (Photo
5). Make sure all the notche face up and to the right.
Clamp each block until you drive in the crews; then
remove the clamps. After all the blocks are fastened,
remove the screw. Then glue and clamp the remaining
rail. When the glue i dry, level the top of the laminated
jaw and mill it to final 3-3/4" width.
Square the jaw' right end 4-1/2" from the first dog
hole. Then square the left end at the as embly's final
length (flush with the outside edge of the left end
beam). Clamp the jaw to the front of the bench, level
with the top and snug again t the end beam's dovetail.
Transfer the dovetail onto the end of the jaw. Then
remove the jaw and cut the dovetail ocket in the end.
Drill countersunk holes for the three 3/ "x 6" lag bolts
that anchor the jaw to the bench, in the middle and 3"
from each end.
Install the fixed jaw (Photo 6). Apply glue to the
edge of the bench top and to the end cap' dovetail.

Lightly clamp the assembly in position. Then use a
dead blow mallet to seat the dovetail joint. Level the
as embly with the front of the bench and then tighten
the clamps. Drill pilot holes through the three countersunk holes in the jaw and then install the lag bolts.

Modify the base
Adding the two jaws makes the top front-heavy. To keep
the bench from tipping forward, you'll probably have
to modifY the base. On the tre tle base shown here, the

Modify the

bench base

by

cutting off the
fronts of both
top rails. This
allows moving
the base forward
to center it under
the widened top.
You'll also have to
cut a notch for the
adjustable jaw's
guide bar.

Make the
adjustable jaw's
front block in two
pieces to create
its angled dog
hole. Cut a shallow

groove across the
grain in each piece.
Then saw the
angled shoulders
and dear the
waste.

OCTOIER / IIOYIMIIR 3011

ADwric. .Woodwodr.... coDl

45

Fig. C The Fixed Jaw

~.

x fp"LAG 8OLrC7YP)

CLllro LDIGrY/
9 SLOPE

The adjustable jaw

o lution i to shorten the top rail (Photo 7 ). Thi allow
moving the base forward under the top until it butts
against the fixed jaw. You'll al 0 have to cut a lot for the
adju table jaw's guide bar. It' best to make thi cut later,
when you're installi ng the adjustablejaw.

Glue the front
block together
to create the dog
hole. Then drill
it to house the
wooden screw,
dovetail it to
fit the side and
top pieces and
mortise it for the
cross brace.

The front block
slides in a

groove created
by attaching a
rabbeted cleat
to the bench. A
tongue fastened
to the jaw fits the
groove and keeps
the jaw flush with
the bench top as it
slides.

46

JlmericaaWoodworker.com

OCTOIU / NOVEMIER 10 11

The adjustable jaw (Fig. O-G) looks like a narrow box,
but it's actually a rectangular frame consisting of a front
block (H), a rear rail (J), side and top piece (Kand L),
a guide bar (M) and a cross brace (N). The front block,
rear rail, ide and top foml the box that's the bu ine
end of the jaw: It hou e a bench dog and the wooden
crew that applie the clamping pre ure. Thi box i
supported by the right end cap and kept level \vith the
bench top by a tongue (P) that' attached to the front
block. The guide bar and cro brace lide under the
bench top. The guide bar, mortised into the rear rail,
housed in the end cap and supported by a rub rail (Q),
holds the adju table jaw against the front of the bench
as it slide. The cro brace complete the frame by connecting the guide bar to the front block.
The bigge t challenge in building the adjustable
jaw is cutting the angled dog hole in the center of the
front block (Fig. E). The u;ck is to make this block in
two pieces (Photo 8 ). Cut a pair of identical 1-7/ 8" x
3-3/ 4" x 3-3/ 4" blocks. Then cut a preci ely centered
1/ 4" deep x 3/ 4" wide dado acro the grain in each
block, using a dado set and a miter gauge with a fence
and a top block. Clamp the blocks together with the
dadoes facing each other and layout the end of the
angled dog hole on the top and bottom faces of both
blocks.
e the e depth marks and a hand aw to cut
the angled houlder. Clear the waste with a chisel and
cut the notch on one end. Then carefully glue the two
blocks together, using a pacer to preci ely align the
dadoe.
Cut dovetails on both ends of the adjustable jaw's
ide (K) and top (L). (Note that the ide' front-block
dovetail are longer than its rear-rail dovetails.) Transfer the dovetail locations to the front jaw. Then cut the
sockets and fit the joints (Photo 9).
The front block' back face has a tongue and a mortise (Fig. F). The tongue (P) holds the block level \vith
the bench top as the ajdu table jaw opens and clo es
(Photo 10). It Iides in a groove created by a rabbeted
cleat (R) that' attached to the bottom of the bench
top. The morti e in the front block house a tenon on
the cro brace (N). Fasten the rabbeted cleat under
the bench top and then attach the tongue with glue and
screws and chop the morti e.
Cut the rear rail (J, Fig. G) to length and width.

Fig. 0 The Adjustable Jaw

M

Read about building a bench with a
modem tail vise at
A~riQ~rmmM~

learn how to add the double-screw face vise at
A~Q~rmmM~

Fig. E Front Block
Cross-Section
1-!l2' ])M.

r--+-"",,;,...;.....,--,

K

x

:yq'

sroPPC])

Y/OL£

~--------------- l~-o/~·~----------~~

Routing a profile on its back end is optional-a matter
of taste. Layout and cut the dovetail ockets on its top
and front end and chop the stopped morti e for the
guide bar (M) on its in ide face . Cut the guide bar and
fit its tenon to the morti e in the rear rail. Cut and fit
the cross brace (N) . Note that it' rabbeted to fit around
the rabbeted cleat (R).
Layout and drill hole for the wooden screw in the
front block and rear rail. To make ure these holes align
with the threaded hole in the end cap, dry-assemble the
adjustable jaw' side, front block and rear rail and po ition the as embly on the bench. Mark the hole in the
rear rail after butting it again t the end cap. To mark the
hole in the front block, lide the as embly back until the
block butts again t the end cap. Before marking each
hole, make sure the top edge of both piece are flu h.
Drill a 1-1/ 2" dia. x 3/ 4" topped hole in the front block
and a 2" dia. through hole in the rear rail. Re-assemble
the adju table jaw, add the guide bar and cross brace,
and te t its operation on the bench (Photo 11 ). Make
ure there ' a mall gap between the right end cap (B)
and the real rail (J) when the jaws are tightly closed.

Final assembly and mounting
Turn the adjustable jaw upside down to locate the morti e for the garter that holds the wooden crew (Photo
12 and Fig. G). Butt the head of the crew again t the
rear rail and center its collar over the hole. Tran fer the
locations of both garter groove houldel to thejaw and
use these marks to chop tile mortise. ~lake tile garter ( ).

Install the
partially
assembled
adjustable jaw
to check the
alignment of the
three holes for the
wooden screw.
Then install the
top and test the
jaw to make sure
it slides smoothly.

Locate the
mortise for
the garter that
secures the
wooden screw
in the adjustable
jaw. Position the
screw with its
head snug against
the jaw's rear rail.
Then transfer the
garter groove's
location.

OCTOllR / NOVI M I I R 2011

llm.ericanWoodworker.com

47

Cutting List
Fig. F Bench Top Cross-Section at Front Block

Section Part Name
left end beIm
Right end beam

12"

-------~>I

II -%" ----~

:;"

1

DcMtiIIed~

1
10

S<rew

1

1-3/4' x3-3/4' x27-1/4' (b)

M

SlrI7"'14" (q _ _-,
3' dia. x2G-1 /4'

Maple

1",

Fill block

11

Maple

3/4' x3-3/4"x4-3/4" (d)

W
Front block
Ruml

2

_

1

Maple

1

_

Side

1

Maple

In/TIHI4"x64-1/T (e)
H /4' xH /4' x3-3/4' (f)
1-7'" xH/4"116"
112"x3-1/4' x16"(g)

Top

1

_

1/T I H/4"I 14" (h)

Guide bar

1
1

Maple
_
Maple
_
Maple

3/4' x2' x33'

1
1
1

,'---'""--' ....,
6nr
=~_,~1_"~

~:Lf!.

1-314" xJ..3/4" 125-1/T (a)

_
Maple

....

CnlSSbrIC!
Tongue
. . rail
Rabbeted cleat

Fig. G Rear Rail

Qty. Material Th x W xL

1..114".1.116-314"

0)

(tI
9/16' x5/8' x3-1/2'
11116"1 1-11r I 24"
l ' x2" x15" (I)
l/I"I2-3/4"I4"(m)
l'xrl~l/4'

Notes:
a) For 24" wide bench top; extends 1-1/2" beyond front edge of bench top.

b) For 24"wide bench top; extends 3-1/4' beyond front edge of bench top.
e) Sides slope at 9' .

Buy the Disc
1/5 Workbench Plans"

at awbookstore.com

Mount the
adjustable jaw
and thread in
the screw until
its head seats
against the rear
rail. Install the
garter and then
test for smooth
operation.

d) Ends slope at 5'; 1/4' x1-1/4" notch atone end. Make two of the fill bIocksS"long.
e) For SO-1/2" long bench, including end caps. Start with 67" long blank.
f) Create by gluing together two 1-7/S' x3-3/4"x3-3/4" blocks.
g) Dovetails are 1-7/S" long on one end and 1-3/S" long on the other end.
h) Cut 5/S" long dovetails on both ends.
j) Cut 3/S" x1-1/2"x1" tenon on one end.Trim length if necessary
II) Cut 3/S"x1-1/2" x1"tenon on one end with adjacent 1/4" x2-1/2" rabbet.
I) Cut 5/S" x3/4" rabbet on one edge.
m) On one end, cut a centered 1-1/2"x1-3/4" slot with a round bottom.

Glue the adju table jaw together in tage. Start by
gluing the dovetailed side, top, front block and rear rail
to create the body. Mount the body on the bench. Then
work from underneath to glue and attach the guide bar
and cro brace. Install the wooden crew by threading it
through the hole in the end cap until it seats against the
jaw' rear rail (Photo 13). At the other end, the screw
will be housed in the hole in the front block. Tap in the
garter to lock the crew in position. Fini h by fastening
the rub rail (Q) to track the guide bar as the vise open
and clo e (Photo 14). On this bench, the rub rail reinforce the notch in the base that house the guide rail.
If your in tallation doe n't allow notching the base, thi
rub rail i e entia! for the vi e to track properly. ..6
SOURCES

flip over the
bench top and
install a rub rail
against the guide
bar to ensure the
adjustable jaw
remains parallel
to the front of the
bench top as it
opens and closes.

• Woodcraft. woodcraft.com, 800-225-1153, Woodthreading Kit,
1-1/2' x 6 TPI, #1 2T17, $47.99.
• Lee Valley Tools, leevalley.com, 800-871 -8158, Veritas Square Bench
Dogs (pair) #05G02.01 , $39.50.

Steve Bunn owns and
operates a cabinet hop in
Bowdoinham. Maine. where
he peciaIizes in crafting
Wmdsor chairs. See more
of~'

workat

8teftDbuaa.c:om.
41

JlmerlcaaWoocIworker.com

OCTOIU / NOVIMIII 3011



This truly versatile clamp
is ideal for short runs, quick ~.~II!
set-ups, consolidating part
numbers and improving
processes.

t tight
From 0-23/;' with no change in the
clamping force that U,!! set.

ustabl C

ce

Adjustable within a range of 25 - 550 Ibs of
clamping force; holding capacity of 700 Ibs.

Op Flexlb

afe
Auto-Adjustment to height
means greater clamping safety as surface
variations cannot result in settings that are
tighter or looser than originally set.
BESSEY®. Simply better.

y

Choose one clamp for a variety of
applications - Different heights, different
force - All from the same clamp.

f

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please send your request to·

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BESSEY

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