poster escribano ruiz et al def .pdf
Titolo: The pottery of Sancti Spiritus, a brief European settlement in the Southern Cone
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THE POTTERY OF SANCTI SPIRITUS
A BRIEF EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT IN THE SOUTHERN CONE
, Iban Sánchez
1. Grupo de Investigación en Patrimonio Construido, GPAC. University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)
2. Cátedra UNESCO, Paisajes Culturales y Patrimonio
3. IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science
2. Spanish pottery
Most of the European pottery (90%) consists of olive jars of
Sevillian typology. Glazed pottery only represents the
remaining 10% (Pasquali, 2012: 130), but shows higher
diversity, especially in terms of type of glaze and decoration.
The pottery studied was recovered in the
excavation works of the site of Sancti
Spiritus a site located in the present-day
town of Puerto Gaboto, Santa Fe province
(Argentina). This settlement was established
by Sebastian Cabot in 1527, and is
considered the oldest Spanish fort in
Argentina. Besides, Sancti Spiritus was a
spontaneous attempt of colonization,
beyond the clauses stipulated by Cabot and
Preliminary results on provenance led to similar conclusions,
both for the macroscopical study (Pasquali, 2012; Pasquali
and Escribano-Ruiz, 2013) and for the archaeometrical
analysis (Buxeda and Madrid 2012). That is to say that most
of the European pottery, glazed and unglazed, seem to come
from the Sevillian area.
Perhaps, the most interesting issue derived from the analysis
is that these fragments are not similar to Triana pottery.
However, they do share chemical characteristics with the
olive jars recovered in the early Spanish colonial settlements
and, together, form the oldest known reference group of
Sevillian pottery (Buxeda and Madrid, 2012).
Since the settlement of Sancti Spiritus did
not last long because it was destroyed by
natives in 1529 (Azkarate et al. 2012). this
brief time spam and the improvised nature
of the settlement provides a suggesting
pottery sample from the early 16th century.
In this work we discuss some aspects of this
3. Lyonnais pottery
We proposed that one of the majolica types identified, Group III,
could have been made in Seville copying Italian style (Pasquali,
Escribano-Ruiz 2013: 411). However, archaeometrical analysis
concluded that this type has no relation with pottery from Seville
(ARG005 in the tree diagram).
4. Final Remarks
Nonetheless, recent research points to a very probable French
origin. Thus, the typology of the shards recovered up to date
matches pottery made in Lyon in the 16th century (Horry, 2006),
showing similar paste, form and decoration.
-The precise chronology of Sancti Spiritus reinforces the idea on the
existence of a consolidate production horizon in or around Seville
prior to the blooming of Triana’s workshops
-Comparative study of archaeometrical results in order to shed light
on the provenance of Lyonnais ceramic hypothesis is undergoing
In a historical note, it has to be considered that Cabot’s expedition
crew members came from different parts of Europe, including some
from France. Therefore, one explanation could be that this plate
was, actually, a personal belonging. Another possible explanation is
that this plate was originally traded to be sold in the markets of
Seville and bought by one of the crew members later on.
- The existence of a shard from Lyon would opens new questions
regarding the identity of the sailors and or the commercialization of
pottery in Seville
Sevilla 01 group
This research is part of the project “Recuperación y Gestión Integral del
“Fuerte Sancti Spiritus” y su Entorno (Puerto Gaboto, Santa Fe, Argentina)”
funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Cultura and the Grupo de Investigación
en Patrimonio Construido, GPAC (UPV/EHU).
Alban Horry (INRAP) provided essential information on Lyonnais pottery
- Azkarate, A.; Escribano-Ruiz, S.; Sánchez Pinto, I.; Benedet, V., 2012: Recuperación y puesta en valor
del Fuerte Sancti Spiritus, un asentamiento español en la Gran Cuenca del Río de la Plata (Puerto
Gaboto, Sante Fe, Argentina), Informes y Trabajos 7: 8-21.
- Buxeda i Garrigós, J.; Madrid i Fernández, M., 2012. Informe preliminar sobre la caracterización
arqueométrica de cerámicas coloniales del fuerte de Sancti Spiritu (Puerto Gaboto, Argentina),
Barcelona. (Unpublished report)
-Horry, A. (2006). Terra incognita? Céramiques et archéologie des temps modernes à Lyon. Les Dossiers
d'archéologie, 314: 98-101
-- Pasquali C., 2012: Mayólicas y contenedores comerciales en el fuerte Sancti Spiritus (1527-1529).
Revista América, 21: 121-140.
- Pasquali, C., Escribano-Ruiz, S. (2013). Mayólicas en el Fuerte Sancti Spiritus (1527-1529). Propuesta
analítica y resultados provisionales. Revista Museo de la Plata, Sección Antropología, Tomo 13 (87):