Guide to Viking turnshoes.pdf
Guide to making replica Viking turnshoes.
Now comes the complicated bit as we must reduce
the length of these cross lines by the width of the sole.
Measure the width of the sole from it’s centre line to
it’s edge, then measure back in the same distance from
the end of the cross line and mark this point. Having
done this for each end of both cross lines we will have
defined the critical dimensions of the upper
This takes a bit, and perhaps if this is your first attempt,
a lot of trial and error to get a smooth curve of the
correct length, especially if you are trying to match the
shape of a cut out at the heel to take the heel riser. I will
strongly recommend that although you should mark
the point you expect the closing seam in the upper to
be, you actually cut the upper a little longer, both to
allow for a seam allowance and also to allow minor
adjustments later on. Similarly the shape and height of
the top edge of the upper does not need to be marked
exactly at this stage. Once done this should give you a
pattern for both parts of your shoe.
When drawing the shape of the upper it is important that
the length of it’s outer edge is exactly the same length
as the outer edge of the sole, otherwise they won’t fit
together. To do this take your piece of string, tape the
knot to the point of the toe of the sole then carefully lay
it around the outline of the sole you have drawn. Mark
the string where it reaches the point you would like the
seam in the upper to be (usually on the inside of the
foot at about the arch). Mark the other end that passes
all around the sole where it too meets this desired seem
line. If the sole has a triangular heel riser, then mark on
the string the points where the heel riser starts and ends
and also the position of it’s pointed tip.
Without un-fastening the string from the toe end of the
sole, gradually open out the string to try produce the
shape of the outer edge of the upper using one of the
patterns at the end of this guide for help. The modified
ends of the two cross lines marked on the sole will give
you the width of the upper at these key points. Use the
marks on the string to adjust the length/shape of the
outer edge of the upper to correctly position things like
the cut out for the heel riser or the join in the uppers.
Once happy with the shape of the string sketch in this
line to mark it on to the paper pattern.
Miniature artist, sculptor and traditional craftsman