Brochure Una cucina medievale eng .pdf
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Lazio e dell’etruria
Giovanna Alvino-Francesca Lezzi-Francesca Santini
Graphics by Francesca Lezzi
Translation by Francesca Santini
A kitchen in Rieti in the middle 13thcentury A.D.
Via Pompeo Magno 2 - 0192 Roma
The Superintendence aims to protect the archaeological heritage,
and it deals with the study, the
cataloguing and the archaeological heritage enhancement of a
region that includes part of the
province of Rome, the provinces
of Rieti, Frosinone, Latina and
Soprintendenza del Lazio e dell’Etruria Meridionale
del Lazio e
Special thanks for the active collaboration to
During the excavations two circular and adjacent
pits were uncovered. The southern one is more
irregular and ellipsoidal-shaped; the northern one is
much more regular and well built.
The two pits were filled up with completely different sediments: the first with a layer burned very
rich in organic material, the other one was filled up
with an alternating bands of ashes and ground.
Therefore, these filling levels may suggest a different functional structure.
The pottery assemblage could be considered as a
complete set of kitchenware, with pots and pans
from a housing and urban settlement. Not by chance, the absence of tableware could be an important
The osteological remains all belong to the domestic
animals, especially pigs and chickens. Moreover,
on the bones there are clearly visible traces of
The structures detected during the excavations
During the excavations a room on the ground floor of
the historic an current building was investigated which
under the modern floor kept the remains of two mutually orthogonal Roman walls in opus reticulatum. These
walls had partially adapted, delimiting a space occupied
by two circular pits made against the ground and lined
Archaeobotanical preliminary analysis revealed the
presence of different types of burnt cereals. To
date, wheat and barley seem to be predominant, but
there are also barley and oats.
Within the pits several fragments of ceramic pottery,
abundant faunal remains, and a large quantity of cereals
It is likely that the context is the outcome of an
operation of evacuation and resettlement of the
entire building, which took place in the late 13th
or early 14h century AD. .
The comparative analyses of all the data enabled to
reconstruct the dietary habits of a house in Rieti.
The wealthy bioarchaeological evidences, both archaeozoological and archaeobotanical remains,
have contributed to integrate the Medieval Rieti’s
scenario. In this assemblage game and wild animals
are completely missing, while pig and chicken are
predominant. Therefore, this factor distinguishes
Rieti from other neighbouring urban contexts and
those ones in Central Italy.
For further informations:
G. Alvino, F. Lezzi, F. Santini “Una cucina a Rieti attorno alla
metà del XIII secolo” in Lazio e Sabina 11, Atti del Convegno
(Roma 4-6 giugno 2014), in corso di pubblicazione
The comparative analysis of the data enabled the reconstruction of the food consumption and dietary habits of
a house in Rieti, where a large well-defined functionally
space there is exclusive for the food preparation.
Dott.ssa Sandra Gatti - SALEM
Dott.ssa Francesca Lezzi - archaeologist
The geographical location of Rieti, bordering with a
wide and fecund intermountain hollow, would have
made a difference, promoting the town in the grain
growth also in the Medieval period.
Dott.ssa Francesca Santini - archaeozoologist
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Osteological remains of piglets