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ac2 100606.pdf

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Modeling and simulation quickly becomes out of sync with new events, the emergence of new forces, and
newly proposed theories. The goal of the Sentient World Simulation (SWS) is to build a synthetic mirror of
the real world with automated continuous calibration with respect to current real-world information, such as
major events, opinion polls, demographic statistics, economic reports, and shifts in trends. The ability of a
synthetic model of the real world to sense, adapt, and react to real events distinguishes SWS from the
traditional approach of constructing a simulation to illustrate a phenomena. Behaviors emerge in the SWS
mirror world and are observed much as they are observed in the real world. Basing the synthetic world in
theory in a manner that is unbiased to specific outcomes offers a unique environment in which to develop,
test, and prove new perspectives.
SWS consists of components capable of capturing new events as they occur anywhere in the world, focus
on any local area of the synthetic world offers sufficient detail. In other words, the set of models that make
up the synthetic environment encompass the behavior of individuals, organizations, institutions,
infrastructures and geographies while simultaneously capturing the trends emerging from the interaction
among entities as well as between entities and the environment. The multi-granularity detail provides a
means for inserting new models of any temporal and spatial scales, or for incorporating user-supplied data
at any level of granularity. Therefore, SWS can be continuously enriched and refined as new information
becomes available.
SWS consists of the following components:

A synthetic environment that supports Effects Based Approach and a comprehensive
representation of the real world at all levels of granularity in terms of a Political, Military,
Economic, Social, Informational, and Infrastructure (PMESII) framework.

A scalable means of integrating heterogeneous components across time and space granularities.

Mechanisms that discover, gather, and incorporate new knowledge into the continuously running
synthetic environment.

A single façade of user interfaces enabling information from all sources (simulation generated
data, parameters for models, and data gathered from the real world) to be searched, viewed and
modified in an ontology-aware manner.

Integrated Development Environments (IDE)s for constructing and configuring new models or
modifying existing models and then incorporating these changes into the continuously running
synthetic world.

A means to take excursions from any point in time in the synthetic world to focus on select
regions of the world, leverage private user data, or to research specific theories by simplifying the
types of models to employ in the excursion.

SWS Components
The Core Synthetic Environment That Supports Pluralism of Thought
The core component of SWS is an agent-based environment named the Synthetic Environment for Analysis
and Simulation (SEAS), designed to be agnostic to the type of simulations and choice of models in order to
allow experimentation in the context of multiple and potentially conflicting theories. No single theory can
adequately explain complex behavior, such as the rise or splitting of terrorist organizations. Each theory
brings another perspective to the same phenomena. Only by combining these theories within the same
environment can we gain a comprehensive perspective.