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ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

1

ROADMAP FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIONS BY THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION BASED ON THE COMMISSION
COMMUNICATION AND THE COUNCIL RECOMMENDATION ON STRENGTHENING COOPERATION AGAINST VACCINE
PREVENTABLE DISEASES
ACTIONS

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

Examine the feasibility of developing a common vaccination
card/passport for EU citizens (that takes into account potentially
different national vaccination schedules and), that is compatible
with electronic immunisation information systems and recognised
for use across borders, without duplicating work at national level.

2019

2020

2021

Feasibility study for the development of a common
EU vaccination card
Commission proposal
for a common
vaccination card/
passport for EU citizens

CR 16 and CC*
State of Vaccine Confidence in the EU 2020
Follow up of the study published in October 2018
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/
vaccination/docs/2018_vaccine_confidence_en.pdf

Produce on a regular basis a Report on the State of Vaccine
Confidence in the EU, to monitor attitudes to vaccination. Based on
that report and taking into account related work by WHO, present
guidance that can support Member States in countering vaccine
hesitancy.

CR 17 and CC

2022

Guidance on countering vaccine hesitancy tailored to specific needs identified by the Member States and/
or vaccine specific issues
Special Eurobarometer
- Europeans’ attitudes
towards vaccination
https://ec.europa.eu/
commfrontoffice/
publicopinion/index.cfm/
survey/getsurveydetail/
instruments/special/
surveyky/2223

* Basis for action:
CR for Council Recommendation and the number of the Recommendation in the legal text. CC for Commission Communication

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

2

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

Convene a Coalition for Vaccination to bring together European
associations of healthcare workers as well as relevant students’
associations in the field, to commit to delivering accurate
information to the public, combating myths and exchanging best
practice.
CR 18 and CC

Strengthen the impact of the annual European Immunisation
Week by hosting an EU public awareness initiative and
supporting Member States' own activities.

2019

2020

2021

Convened in March
2019, follow-up
meeting in September
2019
Annual meeting from 2020, to take note of compliance with commitments
made by members of the Coalition for Vaccination

EU public awareness initiative on vaccination during the European
Immunisation Week

CR 19

Guidance on increasing access to vaccination for
disadvantaged and socially excluded groups

Identify barriers to access and support interventions to
increase access to vaccination for disadvantaged and socially
excluded groups, including by promoting health mediators
and grassroots community networks, in line with national
recommendations.

CR 20 and CC

2022

Country reports on research-based determinants behind high and
low vaccination coverage
E-learning platform to share country reports, provide a database on
structured country reports
Series of webinars about specific cases, projects and initiatives dealing with vaccine hesitancy and uptakerelated issues, involving broad range of stakeholders

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

3

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

2019

2020

2021

Guidance on electronic
immunization
information systems:
handbook to help
countries upgrading
current EIIS systems
in place or set up new
ones where these are
not in place yet.
https://ecdc.europa.
eu/sites/portal/files/
documents/designingimplementingimmunisationinformation-system_0.
pdf
Develop EU guidance for establishing comprehensive electronic
immunization information systems for effective monitoring of
immunization programmes.

Outline of core functionalities for information sharing and vaccine coverage assessment pilot platform,
based on input from stakeholders
Protocol for harmonized estimations of vaccination coverage of first and second dose with mumpsmeasles-rubella vaccine (MMR1 and MMR2)
Open-source computer algorithm that can be shared and run by regions, countries with electronic
immunisation information systems or other similar data source, completed by data on doses of measles
containing vaccines
Common pilot online platform where vaccine coverage estimations for cross-border vaccine coverage
assessments can be shared publicly
Report on data collection procedures, datasets used and interoperability assessment of electronic
immunisation information systems in the EU area
Report that describes existent reminder systems and provides recommendations for future systems

CC

Report that describes the feasibility of conducting coordinated cross-border measles vaccination
campaigns

2022

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

4

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

2019

Develop guidance to overcome the legal and technical barriers
impeding the interoperability of national immunisation
information systems, having due regard to rules on personal
data protection, as set out in the Commission Communication
on enabling the digital transformation of health and care in the
Digital Single Market, empowering citizens and building a healthier
society.

2020

2021

Guidance on overcoming legal (and technical)
barriers to the interoperability of national
immunisation information systems

CR 21 and CC
Continue to support research and innovation through the
EU framework programmes for Research and Innovation for
the development of safe and effective new vaccines, and the
optimisation of existing vaccines.

Projects funded under Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe (HE)

CR 22
Strengthen existing partnerships and collaboration with
international actors and initiatives, such as the WHO and its
Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE), the
European Technical Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization
(ETAGE), the Global Health Security Initiative and Agenda
processes (Global Health Security Initiative, Global Health Security
Agenda), Unicef and financing and research initiatives like Gavi,
CEPI, GloPID-R and JPIAMR (the Joint Programming Initiative on
Antimicrobial Resistance).
CR 23 and CC

2022

Global Vaccination
Summit, taking place
on 12 September
2019 organized by the
European Commission
in cooperation with
the World Health
Organization.
https://ec.europa.eu/
health/vaccination/
ev_20190912_en

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

5

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

Report on previous experience about vaccine shortages and responses of EU countries

Guidelines on procedures to estimate vaccine needs and procurement in the EU
Report on the financial mechanism for joint procurement based on an evaluation of the financing
mechanisms in different countries
Establish a vaccine network with Member States to leverage the sustainability of activities of the joint
action beyond the project. https://eu-jav.com/
Develop evidence-based tools and guidance at EU level in order
to support countries to anticipate, pre-empt or respond to crisis
situations.

Develop an "integration of outcomes of the joint action into national policies & sustainability" plan to
strive towards a converging vaccine agenda for the most commonly used vaccines at EU level.
https://eu-jav.com/
Overview of EU-level and national legal and technical frameworks and operational criteria for decisionmaking on vaccination policies and available (EU and national) platforms
Survey on the range of attributable costs used for the most recent MS-National Immunisation Technical
Advisory Groups (NITAGs) evaluations available
Pilot of a technical collaboration to establish an active cooperation structure across NITAGs

CC

Pilots to provide an overview about the evidence-base of national immunisation programmes

Countering online vaccine misinformation, taking into account the Commission Communication on tackling online disinformation
Counter online vaccine misinformation and develop evidencebased information tools and guidance to support Member
States in responding to vaccine hesitancy, in line with the
Commission Communication on tackling online disinformation.
CR 9c and CC

Online and offline promotion of the new
information tools (through social media, search
engine optimisation, specialised media) in
particular towards the sectors of health care,
education, social services, media

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

6

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

2019

2020

2021

Launch of the key
projects to establish a
European Vaccination
Information Sharing
System
Examine the feasibility of establishing, by 2020,
guidelines for a core EU vaccination schedule
taking into account WHO recommendations for
routine immunisation, aiming to improve the
compatibility of national schedules and promote
equity in Union citizens' health protection
Strengthen consistency, transparency, and methodologies in the assessment of national and regional
vaccination plans, by sharing scientific evidence and tools with the support of NITAGs

Establish a European Vaccination Information Sharing system.

Design EU methodologies and guidance on data requirements for better monitoring of vaccination
coverage rates across all age groups, including healthcare workers, in cooperation with the WHO and
collect such data and share them at EU level
Collect vaccination
coverage data and
share them at EU level

CR 9 and CC

Establish, by 2019, a
European vaccination
information portal,
with the support of the
European Medicines
Agency, to provide
objective, transparent
and updated evidence
online on vaccination
and vaccines, their
benefits and safety, and
the pharmacovigilance
process

2022

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

7

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

Continuously monitor the benefits and risks of vaccines and
vaccinations, at EU level, including through post-marketing
surveillance studies.

2019

2020

2021

2022

Create a sustainable and multi-stakeholder
platform for EU post-marketing surveillance
studies monitoring the safety, effectiveness, and
impact of vaccination

CR 10 and CC

Work towards developing common methodologies and strengthen
the capacities to assess the relative effectiveness of vaccines
and vaccination programmes.

Strengthen the effective application of Union rules on the
protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological
agents at work, as laid down in Directive 2000/54/EC and Council
Directive 2010/32/EU, taking into account national competences,
in particular by supporting continuing education of healthcare
workers, monitoring their immunisation status and actively
offering vaccination where necessary, to ensure adequate levels
of patient and healthcare-workers’ safety.
CR 12 and CC

Provide evidence and data, including through the European
Schoolnet, to support Member States' efforts to strengthen the
aspects related to vaccinology and immunisation in their
national medical curricula and postgraduate education
CR 13 and CC

Guidance on methodologies to assess relative
effectiveness of vaccines and vaccination
programmes

Evaluation of
implementation of
Directive 2000/54/EC
in the various Member
States

Development of e-learning training modules targeting GPs and primary healthcare providers focused on
improving skills to address hesitant populations and promote behavioural change

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

8

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

Develop common principles for vaccine demand forecasting

Development of a concept for a regional or European data warehouse for (virtual stockpiling and
vaccine management ) needs and stocks
Work ongoing with the HSC and in the GHSI on exchange of medical countermeasures to consider
Consider developing a virtual European data warehouse on
vaccine needs and, if applicable, offerable stocks, to facilitate the
voluntary exchange of information on available supplies, possible
surpluses and global shortages of essential vaccines.

Develop a virtual
European data
warehouse on
vaccine needs and, if
applicable, offerable
stocks, to facilitate the
voluntary exchange
of information on
available supplies,
possible surpluses and
global shortages of
essential vaccines

CR 14a and
CC
Explore feasibility of physical stockpiling and engage in a
dialogue with vaccine producing companies on a mechanism
to facilitate the stockpiling and availability of vaccines in case
of outbreaks, taking into account global shortages of essential
vaccines.
CR 14 b and c
and CC
Consider developing a concept for a mechanism for exchanging
vaccine supplies from one Member State to another in case of
an outbreak, improving the links between supply and demand for
vaccines.

Study exploring the feasibility of and identifying options for physical
stockpiling of vaccines

Concept for a mechanism for exchanging vaccine supplies from one Member
State to another in case of an outbreak

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

9

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

2019

Consider, jointly with stakeholders, in particular with the vaccinemanufacturing industry, which has a key role in meeting these
aims, possibilities for improving EU manufacturing capacity,
ensuring continuity of supply and ensuring diversity of suppliers.

CR 14e

Meeting with the EU
Official Medicines
Control Laboratories
network

Monitor compliance with the obligation of continuous supply
of medicines placed on marketing authorisation holders
(Article 81 of Directive 2001/83/EC) and explore ways to enhance
compliance with that obligation.
CR 14g

Examination whether
this article has been
implemented in full in
national legislation

CR 14h

2022

Joint procurement of
pandemic influenza
vaccine
Framework contracts
signed in March 2019
https://europa.
eu/rapid/middayexpress-28-03-2019.
htm#8

Support the EU Official Medicines Control Laboratories network
and its work to ensure that vaccines placed on the EU market are
of high quality.
CR 14f

Consider facilitating –together with EMA- early dialogue with
developers, national policy-makers and regulators in order to
support the authorisation of innovative vaccines, including for
emerging health threats.

2021

Conference on
improving EU
manufacturing capacity
and ensuring continuity
of supply

CR 14d

Exploit the possibilities of joint procurement of vaccines
or antitoxins to be used in cases of pandemics, unexpected
outbreaks and in case of small vaccine demand (small number of
cases or very specific populations to be covered).

2020

Actions to facilitate early dialogue with developers, national policy-makers and regulators in order to
support the authorisation of innovative vaccines, including for emerging health threats

ROADMAP ON VACCINATION
Last update: Q3 2019

ACTIONS

10

TIMELINES AND DELIVERABLES
2018

Reinforce existing partnerships and research infrastructures,
and establish new ones, including for clinical trials.

2019

2020

2021

2022

Establishment of research networks for clinical trials and fostering
collaborative research infrastructures and/or programmes e.g. clinical trial
network to be established, ECRIN, support to CEPI, EDCTP-2, etc.

CR 15a and CC
Roadmap of unmet population needs and agreed priorities for vaccines
Seek consensus on unmet population needs and agreed
priorities for vaccines that can be used to inform future
vaccine research funding programmes at national and EU level,
including leveraging the advantages of the Coalition for Epidemic
Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the Global Research
Collaboration for Infectious diseases Preparedness (GloPID-R).

CR 15b and CC
Consider investing in behavioural and social science research on
the determinants of vaccine hesitancy across different subgroups
of the population and healthcare workers.

Agree on a subset of vaccines as regards research priorities
Define a concept framework for decision-making on research priorities for an agreed subset of vaccines
Define a proposal for an annual list of EU vaccine research priorities
Report on a proposal for shared funding mechanisms based on an analysis of funding gaps and hurdles
for cooperation among funders

Set of actions funded by Horizon 2020 and actions undertaken by ECDC to
address low-vaccine uptake, and
behavioural study on vaccination to identify determinants of vaccine
hesitancy across different subgroups of the population and health workers

CR 15c and CC
Report on a regular basis, on progress in implementing the
Recommendation based on indicators agreed with Member States
and on information from other relevant sources.
CR 24

Biannual progress report on the implementation of the Council
Recommendation



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